Introduction

This machine is mounted to a Workman heavy-duty utility vehicle and is intended to be used by professional, hired operators in commercial applications. It is primarily designed for metering and dispersing materials, under a range of moisture conditions, without clogging or drastically affecting the dispersion. Using this product for purposes other than its intended use could prove dangerous to you and bystanders.

Read this information carefully to learn how to operate and maintain your product properly and to avoid injury and product damage. You are responsible for operating the product properly and safely.

Visit www.Toro.com for product safety and operation training materials, accessory information, help finding a dealer, or to register your product.

Whenever you need service, genuine Toro parts, or additional information, contact an Authorized Service Dealer or Toro Customer Service and have the model and serial numbers of your product ready. Figure 1 identifies the location of the model and serial numbers on the product. Write the numbers in the space provided.

Important: With your mobile device, you can scan the QR code (if equipped) on the serial number plate to access warranty, parts, and other product information.

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This manual identifies potential hazards and has safety messages identified by the safety-alert symbol (Figure 2), which signals a hazard that may cause serious injury or death if you do not follow the recommended precautions.

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This manual uses 2 words to highlight information. Important calls attention to special mechanical information and Note emphasizes general information worthy of special attention.

This product complies with all relevant European directives; for details, please see the separate product specific Declaration of Conformity (DOC) sheet.

Warning

CALIFORNIA

Proposition 65 Warning

Use of this product may cause exposure to chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.

Safety

General Safety

This product is capable of amputating hands and feet and of throwing objects.

  • Read and understand the contents of both this Operator’s Manual and the operator’s manual of the Workman vehicle before using this machine. Ensure that everyone using this product knows how to use this machine and the Workman vehicle and understands the warnings.

  • Use your full attention while operating the machine. Do not engage in any activity that causes distractions; otherwise, injury or property damage may occur.

  • Do not put your hands or feet near moving components of the machine.

  • Do not operate the machine without all guards and other safety protective devices in place and functioning properly on the machine.

  • Keep bystanders and children out of the operating area. Never allow children to operate the machine.

  • Stop the machine, shut off the engine, remove the key (if equipped), and wait for all movement to stop before you leave the operator’s position, Allow the machine to cool before adjusting, servicing, cleaning, or storing it.

Improperly using or maintaining this machine can result in injury. To reduce the potential for injury, comply with these safety instructions and always pay attention to the safety-alert symbol Graphic, which means Caution, Warning, or Danger—personal safety instruction. Failure to comply with these instructions may result in personal injury or death.

Safety and Instructional Decals

Graphic

Safety decals and instructions are easily visible to the operator and are located near any area of potential danger. Replace any decal that is damaged or missing.

decal58-6520
decal93-9084
decal93-9529
decal94-1235
decal105-0708
decal117-4979
decal132-1316
decal133-8061
decal138-5940
decal138-5941
decal138-5949

Setup

Removing the 2/3 or Full Bed

Lift equipment capacity: 150 kg (330 lb)

Note: If the Workman vehicle is equipped with a H.D. Hitch Frame, you do not need to remove it from the vehicle but you must subtract the weight of the hitch frame from the payload capacity of the hopper; refer to the Workman Operator’s manual.

  1. Park the Workman vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.

  2. Start the engine and move the hydraulic lift lever to lower the bed until the cylinders are loose in the bed slots.

  3. Release the lift lever, shut off the engine, remove the key, and wait for all moving parts to stop before leaving the operator’s position.

  4. Remove the lynch pins from the outer ends of the cylinder rod-clevis pins (Figure 3).

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  5. Remove the clevis pins securing the cylinder rod ends to the bed mounting plates by pushing the pins toward the inside (Figure 4).

  6. Remove the lynch pins and clevis pins securing the pivot brackets to the frame channels (Figure 4).

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  7. Lift the bed off of the Workman vehicle.

    Important: The full bed weighs approximately 148 kg (325 lb), so do not try to install or remove it by yourself.Use an overhead hoist or get the help of 2 or 3 other people.

  8. Store the cylinders in the storage clips.

  9. Engage the hydraulic lift lock lever on the Workman vehicle.

    Important: Engaging the hydraulic lift lock lever prevents you from accidentally extending of the lift cylinders.

Mounting the Topdresser

Parts needed for this procedure:

Attachment bracket2
Clevis pin2
Lynch pin4
Cap screw (1/2 x 1 inch)4
Flat washer8
Locknut (1/2 inch)4
Spacer mount2

Lift equipment capacity: 370 kg (816 lb)

  1. Remove the 2 flange-head cap screws and flange locknuts securing rear of each engine frame mounting bracket to the side of each frame of the Workman vehicle (Figure 5).

    Note: If the Workman vehicle is equipped with a H.D. Hitch Frame, the attachment mount brackets (steps 1 and 2) are factory installed, proceed to step 3.

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  2. Loosely secure a attachment bracket to each engine frame mounting bracket and frame of the Workman vehicle with 2 flange-head cap screws and flange locknuts that you removed in step 1 (Figure 5).

    Note: If the Workman vehicle is equipped with a H.D. Hitch Frame, install the spacer mounts, steps 3 and 4, otherwise proceed to step 6.

  3. Remove the cap screw, 2 flat washers, and locknut securing each attachment bracket to hitch frame tabs (Figure 6).

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  4. Secure a spacer mount to top of each hitch frame tab with the cap screw, 2 flat washers, and locknut previously removed (Figure 7).

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  5. Lift the machine as follows:

    • If you are using a forklift to lift the topdresser, insert the forks through the lift tubes (Figure 8) at the rear flap.

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    • If you are using the optional Lift Assembly Kit (92-4452) to lift the topdresser, proceed as follows:

      1. Place the lift bracket on top of hopper.

      2. Attach the chains to lift eyes at each corner of hopper.

        Important: When you remove the TopDresser, always remove the mounting bolts and pins before lifting the machine.

  6. Position the machine onto the frame of the Workman vehicle, aligning the holes in the rear mounting brackets with the holes in each side of the frame (Figure 7).

  7. Secure each rear mounting bracket to the frame of the Workman vehicle with a clevis pin and 2 lynch pins (Figure 9).

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  8. Loosely secure the top of each attachment bracket (Figure 10) or spacer mount (Figure 11) to the mounting tab on each side of the topdresser with a 1/2 x 1 inch cap screw, 2 flat washers, and locknut. Tighten all fasteners.

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Connecting the Lift Cylinders

Parts needed for this procedure:

Cylinder pin2
Cap screw (1/4 x 3/4 inch)2
Locknut (1/4 inch)2
  1. Secure each lift cylinder rod end to topdresser base with a cylinder pin (Figure 12).

  2. Secure each cylinder pin to the topdresser base with a cap screw (1/4 x 3/4 inch), a flat washer, and a nut (Figure 12).

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    Important: Always unlock the dump stop lever before attempting to attach the cylinder for tilting. Use the tilt of the cylinders only for service of the engine or hydraulics underneath.

    Warning

    Failure to properly support the topdresser when performing service could result in serious personal injury.

    Do not rely on the cylinders to hold up the machine. Block the topdresser up before going underneath to perform any type of service.

    Important: On Workman vehicles with serial numbers 240000001 and up, the bed or topdresser cannot be raised unless the lift cylinder hoses are connected to the vehicle.

Caution

Failure to follow the proper procedures for tilting the hopper of the topdresser could cause serious injury.

  • Remove the front mounting bolts before tilting the hopper.

  • Tilt the hopper only when the hopper is empty.

Using the Bed Support

Parts needed for this procedure:

Bed support (supplied with the Workman vehicle)

Important: Always install or remove the bed support from the outside of the bed.

  1. Raise the bed until the lift cylinders are fully extended.

  2. Remove the bed support from the storage brackets at the back of the ROPS panel (Figure 13).

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  3. Push the bed support onto the cylinder rod, and ensure that the support end tabs rest on the end of the cylinder barrel and cylinder-rod end (Figure 14).

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  4. When you are finished, remove the bed support from the cylinder, and insert it into the storage brackets at the back of the ROPS panel.

    Important: Do not try to lower the bed with the bed support on the cylinder.

Connecting the Hydraulic Couplers

Preparing the Machine

Warning

Hydraulic fluid escaping under pressure can penetrate skin and cause injury.

  • Seek immediate medical attention if fluid is injected into skin. Injected fluid must be surgically removed within a few hours by a doctor.

  • Ensure that all hydraulic-fluid hoses and lines are in good condition and all hydraulic connections and fittings are tight before applying pressure to the hydraulic system.

  • Keep your body and hands away from pin-hole leaks or nozzles that eject high-pressure hydraulic fluid.

  • Use cardboard or paper to find hydraulic leaks.

  • Safely relieve all pressure in the hydraulic system before performing any work on the hydraulic system.

  1. Relieve hydraulic-system pressure to ease the connecting the quick couplers as follows:

    • If your Workman vehicle is serial number 239999999 and before, move the remote hydraulic valve handle (Figure 15) to the float position.

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    • If your Workman vehicle is serial number 240000001 and up, move the hydraulic lift lever (Figure 16) back and forth.

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  2. On vehicles with serial numbers 240000001 and up, disconnect the 2 lift-cylinder hoses from the couplers secured to the coupler bracket (Figure 17). Insert the caps into the cylinder hose quick couplers.

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Connecting the Hoses

  1. Clean any dirt from the topdresser hose quick couplers (Figure 18).

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  2. Attach the hoses to the quick couplers to the Workman vehicle. Ensure that both quick couplers are full engaged.

    The hoses are marked “A” and “B”, match them to the quick couplers of the Workman vehicle.

    Note: The couplers shown in Figure 18 are from vehicles with serial numbers 239999999 and before.

Checking the Hydraulic System

Hydraulic fluid specification: Dexron III automatic transmission fluid

Important: The Workman hydraulic system operates on Dexron III automatic transmission fluid. This fluid provides gear and bearing lubrication as well as fluid for operating the hydraulic system.When the remote hydraulic system quick couplers are connected, hydraulic fluid flows from the machine to the vehicle. If the hydraulic fluid in the machine is not the same or equivalent to the fluid in the vehicle, component damage to the transaxle or hydraulic system may result.

  1. Check the hydraulic fluid level; refer to the Operator’s Manual for your machine.

    Add hydraulic fluid as needed.

  2. Start the vehicle engine.

  3. Move the remote-hydraulics lever of the vehicle to the RUN position. The belt and brush should rotate as shown in Figure 19.

    Note: If the rotation is backward, shut off the engine, remove the hoses, swap the quick-coupler fittings, connect the hoses to the quick-coupler panel, and repeat steps 2 and 3.

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  4. Visually inspect the hydraulic system for leaks, loose fasteners, missing parts, and improperly routed lines.

    Make all repairs before operating the machine.

    Important: Ensure that the hoses are routed away from any moving, sharp, or hot components.

  5. Shut off the engine, remove the key, and wait for all moving parts to stop before leaving the operator’s position.

  6. Check the hydraulic fluid level; refer to the Operator’s Manual for your machine.

    Add hydraulic fluid as needed.

Product Overview

Gate Metering Control

The black knobs on the left rear side of the machine are used to adjust and lock the gate into the desired open height position.

  1. Loosen the locking knob (Figure 20) enough to allow it to slide freely in the slot.

  2. Set the gate knob (Figure 20) into the desired position and tighten the locking knob to secure the adjustment.

Rate Scale

Use the rate scale (Figure 20) to determine the desired flow rate. Refer to Sand Application Rate.

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Note: Specifications and design are subject to change without notice.

Dimensions and Weights

Length 137 cm (54 inches)
Width185 cm (73 inches)
Spreading width152 cm (60 inches)
Inside clear width 175 cm (69 inches)
Height, mounted on Workman vehicle126 cm (49.5 inches)
Shipping weight386 kg (850 pounds)
Dry weight367 kg (808 pounds)
Hopper capacity0.5 m³ (18 ft³)

Attachments/Accessories

A selection of Toro approved attachments and accessories is available for use with the machine to enhance and expand its capabilities. Contact your Authorized Service Dealer or authorized Toro distributor or go to www.Toro.com for a list of all approved attachments and accessories.

To ensure optimum performance and continued safety certification of the machine, use only genuine Toro replacement parts and accessories. Replacement parts and accessories made by other manufacturers could be dangerous, and such use could void the product warranty.

Operation

Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine from the normal operating position.

Before Operation

Before Operation Safety

  • The machine has different balance, weight, and handling characteristics compared to some other types of equipment. Read and understand the contents of this Operator's Manual before operating the machine. Become familiar with all controls and know how to stop quickly.

  • Never allow children or untrained people to operate or service the machine. Local regulations may restrict the age of the operator. The owner is responsible for training all operators and mechanics.

  • Become familiar with the safe operation of the equipment, operator controls, and safety signs.

  • Stop the machine, shut off the engine, remove the key (if equipped), and wait for all movement to stop before you leave the operator’s position, Allow the machine to cool before adjusting, servicing, cleaning, or storing it.

  • Know how to stop the machine and shut off the engine quickly.

  • Check that operator-presence controls, safety switches, and safety protective devices are attached and functioning properly. Do not operate the machine unless they are functioning properly.

  • Inspect the area where you will use the machine and remove all objects that the machine could throw.

  • Keep all shields and safety devices in place. If a shield, safety device, or decal is illegible or missing, repair or replace it before operating the machine.

    Note: You must use a 1/3 attachment or shield at front 1/3 area of the cargo zone for the Workman vehicle when using the topdresser.

  • Tighten any loose nuts, bolts, and screws to ensure that the machine is in safe operating condition. Ensure that the machine components are in place and secure.

  • Ensure that your vehicle is suitable for use with an implement of this weight by checking with your vehicle supplier or manufacturer.

During Operation

During Operation Safety

  • The owner/operator can prevent and is responsible for accidents that may cause personal injury or property damage.

  • Wear appropriate clothing, including eye protection; long pants; substantial, slip-resistant footwear; and hearing protection. Tie back long hair and do not wear loose clothing or loose jewelry.

  • Do not operate the machine while ill, tired, or under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

  • Use your full attention while operating the machine. Do not engage in any activity that causes distractions; otherwise, injury or property damage may occur.

  • Do not operate the machine when tired, ill, or under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

  • Keep your hands and feet out of the hopper.

  • Remain seated whenever the vehicle is in motion.

  • Using the machine demands attention. Failing to operate the vehicle safely may result in an accident, tip-over of the vehicle, and serious injury or death. Drive carefully, and to prevent tipping or loss of control, do the following:

    • Use extreme caution, reduce the speed, and maintain a safe distance around sand traps, ditches, water hazards, ramps, unfamiliar areas, or other hazards.

    • Reduce the speed of a loaded machine when negotiating terrain undulations to avoid causing the machine to become unstable.

    • Operate the machine only in good visibility to avoid holes or hidden hazards.

    • Look behind and down before backing up to be sure of a clear path.

    • Use care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees, or other objects that may obscure your vision.

    • Use caution when operating on a steep slope. Travel straight up and down slopes. Reduce speed when making sharp turns or when turning on hillsides. Avoid turning on hillsides whenever possible.

    • Use extra caution when operating on wet surfaces, at higher speeds or with a full load. Stopping time increases with a full load. Shift into a lower gear before starting up or down a hill.

    • Avoid sudden stops and starts. Do not go from reverse to forward or forward to reverse without coming to a complete stop.

    • Do not attempt sharp turns or abrupt maneuvers or other unsafe driving actions that may cause a loss of control.

    • Be aware of your surroundings when turning or backing up the machine. Ensure that the area is clear and keep all bystanders out of the operating area. Proceed slowly.

    • Slow down and use caution when making turns and crossing roads and sidewalks with the machine. Always yield the right-of-way.

    • Always watch out for and avoid low overhangs such as tree limbs, door jambs, overhead walkways, etc. Ensure that there is enough room over head to easily clear the vehicle and your head.

    • Operate the machine only in good visibility and appropriate weather conditions. Do not operate the machine when there is the risk of lightning.

    • If you are ever unsure about safe operation, stop working and ask your supervisor.

    • Do not leave the machine unattended while the vehicle is running.

  • Do not carry loads that exceed the load limits of the vehicle.

  • The stability of loads can vary—for example, high loads have a higher center of gravity. Reduce the maximum load limits to ensure better stability, if necessary.

  • To avoid causing the machine to tip over, do the following:

    • Carefully monitor the height and weight of the load. Higher and heavier loads can increase the risk of tipping.

    • Distribute the load evenly, from front to back and side to side.

    • Be careful when turning and avoid unsafe maneuvers.

    • Always ensure that the machine is connected to the vehicle before loading.

    • Do not put large or heavy objects into the hopper. This could damage the belt and rollers. Also ensure that the load has a uniform texture. The machine can unpredictably throw small rocks in the sand.

  • Before you leave the operator’s position, do the following:

    • Park the machine on a level surface.

    • Shut off hydraulic control to the machine.

    • Engage the parking brake.

    • Shut off the engine and remove the key (if equipped).

    • Wait for all movement to stop.

  • Do not stand behind the machine when unloading.

  • Unload the topdresser or disconnect it from the vehicle only while on a level surface.

  • Shut off the attachment when approaching people, vehicles, vehicle crossings, or pedestrian crossings.

Slope Safety

  • Review the vehicle specifications to ensure that you do not exceed its slope capabilities.

  • Slopes are a major factor related to loss of control and rollover accidents, which can result in severe injury or death. The operator is responsible for safe slope operation. Operating the machine on any slope requires extra caution.

  • The operator must evaluate the site conditions to determine if the slope is safe for machine operation including surveying the site. Always use common sense and good judgment when performing this survey.

  • The operator must review the slope instructions listed below for operating the machine on slopes. Consider the operating conditions on that day to determine whether to use the machine at the site. Changes in the terrain can result in a change in slope operation for the machine.

  • Avoid starting, stopping, or turning the machine on slopes. Avoid making sudden changes in speed or direction. Make turns slowly and gradually.

  • Do not operate a machine under any conditions where traction, steering, or stability is in question.

  • Remove or mark obstructions such as ditches, holes, ruts, bumps, rocks, or other hidden hazards. Tall grass can hide obstructions. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine.

  • Be aware that operating the machine on wet grass, across slopes, or downhill may cause the machine to lose traction. Loss of traction to the drive wheels may result in sliding and a loss of braking and steering.

  • Use extreme caution when operating the machine near drop offs, ditches, embankments, water hazards, or other hazards. The machine could suddenly roll over if a wheel goes over the edge or the edge caves in. Establish a safety area between the machine and any hazard.

Operating the Machine

  1. Sit on the seat and engage the parking brake.

  2. Disengage the PTO (if so equipped) and move hand throttle lever to OFF position (if so equipped).

  3. Place the remote hydraulic-valve handle for the Workman vehicle in the OFF position.

  4. Set the transmission as follows:

    • If your Workman vehicle has a manual transmission, move the shift lever to the NEUTRAL position and press the clutch lever.

    • If your Workman vehicle has a automatic transmission, move the shift lever to the PARK position.

  5. Insert the key and rotate it clockwise to start the engine. Release the key when the engine starts.

  6. Practice starting, driving, and stopping the Workman vehicle. Always read and understand the Operator's Manual for the Workman vehicle before using this machine.

  7. Check for smooth operation of belt before adding material in the hopper.

  8. Place sand or other topdressing material in the hopper. The maximum volume of material that can be put into the hopper is 0.5 m³ (18 ft³). Generally, sand weighs 1.6 kg/L (100 lb / ft³) and could overload the Workman vehicle if more than 635 to 680 kg (1400 to 1500 lb) are loaded into the hopper.

    Important: When any other attachments, such as the H.D. Hitch frame, are installed on the Workman vehicle while using the topdresser, the weight of those attachments must be subtracted from the payload capacity of the hopper.

    A method for determining the total weight of your attachments would be to place the rear tires on a scale. The maximum weight capacity of the rear axle of the Workman 3000/4000 series vehicle is 1179 kg (2600 lb) and 1372 kg (3025 lb) for the Workman HD series vehicle.

    Danger

    Heavy loads increase stopping distance and reduce your ability to turn quickly without tipping over.

    Transporting or topdressing with a full load can cause shifting of the sand. This shifting happens most often while turning, going up or down hills, suddenly changing speeds or while driving over rough surfaces. Shifting loads can lead to tipovers.

    Use caution when transporting or topdressing with a full load.

    As a general rule, position the weight of the load evenly from front to rear and evenly from side to side.

    Never tilt the topdresser bed for maintenance with any material in the hopper. Tilt the topdresser bed only when the hopper is empty.

  9. Transport to the area to be topdressed.

  10. Adjust the metering gate to the desired rate. Lock into position with the black knob.

  11. Move the shift lever into LO range position. Select the desired forward speed and begin moving. Refer to Sand Application Rate.

  12. On vehicles with serial numbers prior to 239999999, pull the remote hydraulic lever back to the RUN position. On vehicles with serial numbers 240000001 and up, lock the hydraulic lift lever in the forward position; the machine is now topdressing.

Loading the Hopper

  1. Use the preload weight worksheet to calculate the weight of the operator, passenger (if present), and machine:

    Preload Weight Worksheet

    Weight of Operator

     

    kg

     

    (lb)

    Weight of Passenger (if present)

    (+)

    kg

    (+)

    (lb)

    Machine Dry Weight

    (+) 367

    kg

    (+) 808

    (lb)

    Preload Weight

    (=)

    kg

    (=)

    (lb)

         
  2. Use then hopper material load worksheet to calculate the weight of the material you can load into the hopper:

    Note: Generally, dry sand weighs 1602 kg/m³ (100 lb/ft³) and wet sand weighs 1922 to 2082 kg/m³ (120 to 130 lb/ft³).

    Note: The maximum material volume of the hopper is 0.5 m³ (0.67 yd³).

    Hopper Material Load Worksheet

    Workman Vehicle Rated Capacity

     

    kg

     

    (lb)

    Preload Weight

    (-)

    kg

    (-)

    (lb)

    Hopper Material Load

    (=)

    kg

    (=)

    (lb)

         
  3. Distribute the material evenly in the hopper from front to rear and evenly from side to side.

Important: Transporting or topdressing with a full load can cause shifting of the sand. This shifting happens most often while turning, going up or down hills, suddenly changing speeds or while driving over rough surfaces. Shifting loads can lead to tip-overs. Use caution when transporting or topdressing with a full load.

Important: Heavy loads increase stopping distance and reduce your ability to turn quickly without tipping over.

Sand Application Rate

The rate of sand applied depends on the gate setting and the gear/range setting. Sand varies in moisture and coarseness (size of grain) which affects the rate. These factors must be taken into consideration when deciding the amount of sand required for the application. Test a small area to decide the correct amount. To increase the application rate, either open the gate to a higher scale mark or shift the Workman vehicle to a lower gear.

Note: On vehicles with serial numbers 240000001 and up, the sand application rate decreases when you turn the vehicle. Avoid making sharp turns when topdressing.

To ensure consistent application, from green to green, use the tachometer and/or hand throttle to maintain constant engine speed while topdressing.

Warning

Tipping or rolling the vehicle on a hill will cause serious injury.

If the engine stalls or you lose headway on a hill, never attempt to turn the vehicle around.

Always back straight down a hill in reverse gear.

Do not back down in neutral or with the clutch pressed, using only the brakes.

Never add sideboards or panels to the top of the hopper to increase the load capacity. The additional weight will cause tipping or rolling of the vehicle and lead to serious injury.

Do not drive across a hill: drive up and down the hill. Avoid turning on a hill. Do not accelerate or decelerate fast. A sudden change in speed can initiate a tipover.

Sand Precautions

The machine is equipped with a flexible gate edge (Figure 21) and a spring release mechanism to reduce the chance of sand chunks or rocks getting lodged during operation. To ensure long belt life, sift or check the sand for rocks with sharp edges that may damage conveyor belt.

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Preparing for Cold Weather Operation

You may use the machine in cold weather. With certain limitations, you may use the machine to apply a salt/sand mixture on pavement for ice control. The PVC conveyor belt material becomes very stiff in cold weather and requires more power to operate belt. The life of the belt is reduced by approximately 50% when operated below temperatures of 40° F. (5° C).

Important: Do not operate the topdresser during temperatures of -7° C (20° F) or lower.

  1. Increase the belt tension by adjusting spring compression to 101 mm (4 inches); refer to Tensioning the Conveyor-Belt Chain.

  2. Run belt before loading the hopper with material to assure that belt system moves freely.

    Important: If belt/drive roller slip, damage to belt or roller may occur.

Important: Before operating the machine during warm weather, adjust the belt tension to 112 mm (4-7/16 inches) spring compression.

After Operation

After Operation Safety

  • Stop the machine, shut off the engine, remove the key (if equipped), and wait for all movement to stop before you leave the operator’s position, Allow the machine to cool before adjusting, servicing, cleaning, or storing it.

  • Shut off hydraulic control to the machine whenever you are transporting or not using the it.

  • Keep all parts of the machine in good working condition and all hardware tightened.

  • Replace all worn, damaged, or missing decals.

Maintenance

Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine from the normal operating position.

Note: Download a free copy of the electrical or hydraulic schematic by visiting www.Toro.com and searching for your machine from the Manuals link on the home page.

Maintenance Safety

  • Before you leave the operator’s position, do the following:

    • Park the machine on a level surface.

    • Shut off hydraulic control to the machine.

    • Engage the parking brake.

    • Shut off the engine and remove the key (if equipped).

    • Wait for all movement to stop.

  • Allow machine components to cool before performing maintenance.

  • Perform only those maintenance instructions described in this manual. If major repairs are ever needed or assistance is desired, contact an authorized Toro distributor.

  • Ensure that the machine is in safe operating condition by keeping nuts, bolts, and screws tight.

  • If possible, do not perform maintenance while the engine is running. Keep away from moving parts.

  • Do not check or adjust the chain tension when the vehicle engine is running.

  • Carefully release pressure from components with stored energy.

  • Support the machine with jack stands whenever you work under the machine.

  • After maintaining or adjusting the machine, ensure that all guards are installed.

  • Keep all parts of the machine in good working condition and all hardware tightened.

  • Replace all worn or damaged decals.

  • To ensure safe, optimal performance of the machine, use only genuine Toro replacement parts. Replacement parts made by other manufacturers could be dangerous, and such use could void the product warranty.

Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s)

Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
Before each use or daily
  • Check the hydraulic lines and hoses.
  • Every 40 hours
  • Check the brush position and wear.
  • Every 200 hours
  • Lubricate all the grease fittings.
  • Pre-Maintenance Procedures

    Preparing for Maintenance

    1. Shut off the machine by doing the following:

      • 239999999 and before, move the remote hydraulic valve handle to the OFF position.

      • 240000001 and up, move the hydraulic lift lever to the OFF position.

    2. Move the machine to a level surface.

    3. Set the parking brake of the Workman vehicle, shut off the engine, remove the key, and wait for all moving parts to stop before leaving the operator’s seat.

    Lubrication

    Grease Specification

    No. 2 Lithium based grease

    Greasing the Bearings and Bushings

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 200 hours
  • Lubricate all the grease fittings.
    1. Perform the steps in Preparing for Maintenance.

    2. Lubricant each of the grease fitting described in the grease-fitting table with the specified grease.

    Grease-Fitting Table

    LocationQuantity
    Roller shaft bearing (Figure 22)4
    Brush shaft bearing (Figure 22)1

    Important: Lubricate the bearings to maintain a slight leakage between bearings and housings. Too much grease can cause overheating or damage to seals.

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    Note: Do not lubricate the drive chains unless they become stiff from rust. If the chain rusts, lightly lubricate it with a dry-type lubricant. This reduces the likelihood of sand build-up or other top-dressing material adhering to the chain.

    Belt Maintenance

    Tensioning the Conveyor-Belt Chain

    1. Perform the steps in Preparing for Maintenance.

    2. Remove the chain cover (Figure 23).

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    3. Loosen bolts and nuts that secure the motor and sprocket assembly to the main frame (Figure 24).

    4. Rotate motor and sprocket assembly (Figure 24) in mounting slots until the conveyer-belt chain deflects 3.2 mm (1/8 inch).

      Important: Do not over tension the chain or it will wear prematurely. Do not under-tension the chain or it will cause sprocket wear.

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    5. Tighten mounting bolts (Figure 24).

    6. Install chain cover (Figure 23).

    Tensioning the Conveyor Belt

    When conveyor belt is adjusted properly, the compressed length of each compression spring should be 112 mm (4-7/16 inches). Adjust conveyor belt as follows:

    1. Empty the hopper.

    2. Perform the steps in Preparing for Maintenance.

    3. Loosen rear jam nut (Figure 25).

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    4. Adjust forward jam nut to compression spring to 112 mm (4-7/16 inches).

    5. Tighten jam rear nut.

    6. Repeat steps 3 through 5 at the other side of the machine.

    7. Measure the distance between center points of the belt-roller shafts at each side of machine to ensure that the measurements are equal (Figure 26).

      Equal distance measures approximately 895 mm (35-1/4 inches).

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    Replacing the Conveyor Belt

    Preparing to Machine

    1. Empty the hopper.

    2. Perform the steps in Preparing for Maintenance.

    3. Inspect hopper seals and gate edge for wear or torn edges (Figure 27).

      Replace worn or damaged components to ensure proper operation of new conveyor belt.

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    Removing the Conveyer Chain

    1. Remove chain cover (Figure 28).

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    2. Remove master link from chain and remove chain from small sprocket (Figure 29).

      If needed, loosen the motor-mount bolts to remove the master link.

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    Disassembling the Slider Bed

    1. Loosen forward and rear jam nuts on tension rod to release spring tension (Figure 30).

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    2. At each side of machine, remove 2 capscrews, 2 washers, and 2 locknuts that secure the hopper to slider-frame rails (Figure 31).

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    3. Pivot hopper rearward and lean it against wall, post, ladder, etc. (Figure 32).

      Important: Do not allow hopper to rest against the rear of machine to avoid damaging the brush or the hydraulic couplers.Make sure that the hopper is pivoted beyond center and/or secured to wall or post to prevent it from accidentally falling on work area (Figure 32).

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    4. At the right side of machine, loosen 2 capscrews that secure slider-frame rail to the right fender (Figure 33). Ensure that the capscrews are loose enough to allow slider bed tip.

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    5. At the left side of machine, remove 2 capscrews and 2 washers that secure slider-frame rail to the left fender (Figure 34).

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    Removing the Belt

    Cut belt and remove it from rollers.

    Installing the Belt

    1. Insert a lift bar though the hole at the left slider-frame rail, and raise the lift bar to tip frame rail slightly; refer to Figure 34 in Disassembling the Slider Bed.

    2. Assemble the belt over the lift bar and rollers as far as possible.

    3. Insert a plastic belt tool between each roller and the belt.

      Rotate rollers until each tool is positioned to the outside of each roller. Insert the tool past rib in the center of belt.

    4. Slide belt and belt tools further onto rollers until belt is centered on rollers.

    5. Remove belt tools.

    6. Align belt so that the belt rib fits into alignment grooves in each roller.

    Assembling the Slider Bed

    1. At the left side of machine, assemble the slider-frame rail to the left fender (Figure 35) with the 2 capscrews and 2 washers that you removed in Disassembling the Slider Bed, and tighten the capscrews.

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    2. At the right side of machine, tighten 2 capscrews that secure slider-frame rail to the right fender (Figure 36).

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    3. Carefully rotate the hopper down onto the slider-frame rails; refer to Figure 32 of Disassembling the Slider Bed.

    4. At each side of machine, secure the hopper to slider-frame rails (Figure 37) with the 2 capscrews, 2 washers, and 2 locknuts that you removed in Disassembling the Slider Bed.

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    5. Tension the conveyer belt; refer to Tensioning the Conveyor Belt.

    Installing the Conveyer Chain

    1. Assemble the chain onto the small sprocket and secure the chain with the master link (Figure 38).

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    2. If you loosen the motor-mount bolts, tension the conveyer-belt chain, refer to Tensioning the Conveyor-Belt Chain.

    3. Install the chain cover (Figure 39).

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    Hydraulic System Maintenance

    Hydraulic System Safety

    • Seek immediate medical attention if fluid is injected into skin. Injected fluid must be surgically removed within a few hours by a doctor.

    • Ensure that all hydraulic-fluid hoses and lines are in good condition and all hydraulic connections and fittings are tight before applying pressure to the hydraulic system.

    • Keep your body and hands away from pinhole leaks or nozzles that eject high-pressure hydraulic fluid.

    • Use cardboard or paper to find hydraulic leaks.

    • Safely relieve all pressure in the hydraulic system before performing any work on the hydraulic system.

    Checking the Hydraulic Lines and Hoses

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Before each use or daily
  • Check the hydraulic lines and hoses.
  • Check the hydraulic lines and hoses for leaks, kinked lines, loose mounting supports, wear, loose fittings, weather deterioration, and chemical deterioration. Make all necessary repairs before operating.

    Brush Maintenance

    Checking the Brush for Position and Wear

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 40 hours
  • Check the brush position and wear.
  • Brush must make enough contact with conveyor belt to disperse top-dressing material but not restrict the rotation of the brush. A piece of stiff paper can be inserted between the conveyor belt and the brush to check the adjustment.

    1. Insert a piece of stiff between the conveyor belt and the brush to check the adjustment.

    2. Check that the brush is same height from side to side.

    3. Check the condition of the brush bristles.

      If the bristles are excessively worn replace the brush. If the bristles are worn uneven either replace the brush or adjust the brush position; refer to Adjusting the Brush Position.

    Adjusting the Brush Position

    Note: If you are using moist top-dressing material, you may need to adjust the brush position so that the bristles will whisk material from between conveyor belt lugs without excessively contacting smooth portion of belt.

    1. Loosen nuts that secure the bearing housing (Figure 40) to right side of machine.

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    2. Loosen nuts that secure the brush motor (Figure 41) to left side of machine.

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    3. Slide brush into position at right side, and snug the nuts.

    4. Slide brush into position at left side, and snug the nuts.

    5. Insert a piece of stiff paper between the brush and the conveyor belt.

      The brush must be the same height from side to side.

    6. If the brush position is correct, tighten nuts.

      If the brush position is not correct, repeat steps 1 through 6.

    Cleaning

    Washing the Machine

    Wash the machine as needed using water alone or with a mild detergent. You may use a rag when washing the machine.

    Important: Do not use brackish or reclaimed water to clean the machine.

    Important: Do not use power-washing equipment to wash the machine. Power-washing equipment may damage the electrical system, loosen important decals, or wash away necessary grease at friction points. Avoid excessive use of water near the control panel.

    Storage

    Storage Safety

    • Shut off the machine, remove the key (if equipped), and wait for all movement to stop before you leave the operator’s position. Allow the machine to cool before adjusting, servicing, cleaning, or storing it.

    • Do not store the machine or fuel container where there is an open flame, spark, or pilot light, such as on a water heater or other appliance.

    Preparing the Machine for Storage

    1. Thoroughly clean the machine, especially inside the hopper. The hopper and conveyor belt area should be free of sand particles.

    2. Tighten all fasteners.

    3. Lubricate all grease fittings and bearings. Wipe off any excess lubricant.

    4. Store the machine out of the sun to prolong the life of the conveyor belt. When you store the machine outside, cover the hopper with a tarp.

    5. Check the tension of the drive chain. Adjust the tension, if necessary.

    6. Check the tension of the conveyor belt. Adjust the tension, if necessary.

    7. When bringing the machine out of storage, check for smooth operation of belt before adding material into the hopper.

    Troubleshooting

    ProblemPossible CauseCorrective Action
    Connecting and/or disconnecting the quick couplers is difficult.
    1. The hydraulic system is pressurized.
    2. The engine is running.
    3. The remote hydraulic valve is not placed in the float (only on vehicles with serial numbers prior to 239999999).
    1. Depressurize the hydraulic system.
    2. Shut off the engine.
    3. Place the remote hydraulic valve in the float.
    It is hard to steer the vehicle.
    1. The remote hydraulic valve linkage is out of adjustment (only on vehicles with serial numbers prior to 239999999).
    2. The level of the hydraulic fluid is too low.
    3. The hydraulic fluid is hot.
    1. Adjust the valve linkage.
    2. Fill the hydraulic fluid to the proper level.
    3. Allow the hydraulic system to cool.
    The hydraulic system is leaking.
    1. A fitting is loose.
    2. A fitting is missing an O-ring.
    1. Tighten the fitting.
    2. Install the proper O-ring.
    The attachment does not function.
    1. The quick couplers are not fully engaged.
    2. The quick couplers are interchanged.
    3. A belt is slipping.
    1. Check and correct the quick couplers.
    2. Check and correct the quick couplers.
    3. Check and adjust the belt tension.