Introduction

This machine is a ride-on, reel-blade greens mower intended to be used by professional, hired operators in commercial applications. It is primarily designed for cutting grass on well-maintained turf. Using this product for purposes other than its intended use could prove dangerous to you and bystanders.

Read this information carefully to learn how to operate and maintain your product properly and to avoid injury and product damage. You are responsible for operating the product properly and safely.

Visit www.Toro.com for more information, including safety tips, training materials, accessory information, help finding a dealer, or to register your product.

Whenever you need service, genuine Toro parts, or additional information, contact an authorized Toro distributor and have the model and serial numbers of your product ready. Figure 1 identifies the location of the model and serial numbers on the product. Write the numbers in the space provided.

Important: With your mobile device, you can scan the QR code on the serial number decal (if equipped) to access warranty, parts, and other product information.

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This manual identifies potential hazards and has safety messages identified by the safety-alert symbol (Figure 2), which signals a hazard that may cause serious injury or death if you do not follow the recommended precautions.

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This manual uses 2 words to highlight information. Important calls attention to special mechanical information and Note emphasizes general information worthy of special attention.

This product complies with all relevant European directives; for details, please see the separate product specific Declaration of Conformity (DOC) sheet.

It is a violation of California Public Resource Code Section 4442 or 4443 to use or operate the engine on any forest-covered, brush-covered, or grass-covered land unless the engine is equipped with a spark arrester, as defined in Section 4442, maintained in effective working order or the engine is constructed, equipped, and maintained for the prevention of fire.

The enclosed engine owner's manual is supplied for information regarding the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the California Emission Control Regulation of emission systems, maintenance, and warranty. Replacements may be ordered through the engine manufacturer.

Warning

CALIFORNIA

Proposition 65 Warning

The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.

Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.

Use of this product may cause exposure to chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.

Safety

This machine has been designed in accordance with EN ISO 5395 and ANSI B71.4-2017 and meets these standards when you complete the setup procedures.

General Safety

This product is capable of amputating hands and feet and of throwing objects.

  • Read and understand the contents of this Operator’s Manual before starting the engine.

  • Use your full attention while operating the machine. Do not engage in any activity that causes distractions; otherwise, injury or property damage may occur.

  • Do not put your hands or feet near moving components of the machine.

  • Do not operate the machine without all guards and other safety protective devices in place and functioning properly on the machine.

  • Keep bystanders and children out of the operating area. Never allow children to operate the machine.

  • Shut off the machine, remove the key, and wait for all movement to stop before you leave the operator’s position. Allow the machine to cool before adjusting, servicing, cleaning, or storing it.

Improperly using or maintaining this machine can result in injury. To reduce the potential for injury, comply with these safety instructions and always pay attention to the safety-alert symbol Graphic, which means Caution, Warning, or Danger—personal safety instruction. Failure to comply with these instructions may result in personal injury or death.

Safety and Instructional Decals

Graphic

Safety decals and instructions are easily visible to the operator and are located near any area of potential danger. Replace any decal that is damaged or missing.

decal115-8226
decal133-8062
decal119-9346
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decal131-2046
decal136-8505
decal136-8506
decal139-6492
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decal139-2727

Setup

Installing the Roll Bar

Parts needed for this procedure:

Roll bar1
Bolt (1/2 x 3-3/4 inches)4
Flange nut (1/2 inch)4
  1. Remove the top crate support from the crate.

  2. Remove the roll bar from the crate.

  3. Use 4 bolts (1/2 x 3-3/4 inches) and 4 flange nuts (1/2 inch) to install the roll bar into the ROPS brackets on each side of the machine as shown in Figure 3.

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  4. Torque the fasteners to 136 to 149 N∙m (100 to 110 ft-lb).

Installing the Seat

Parts needed for this procedure:

Seat1
Seat wire harness1

Note: Mount the seat in the front set of mounting holes to gain an additional 7.6 cm (3 inches) in the forward adjustment, or in the rear mounting holes for an additional 7.6 cm (3 inches) in the rearward adjustment.

  1. Remove and discard the lag bolts securing the seat slides and cut the shipping straps.

  2. Remove the 4 bolts (5/16 x 3/4 inch) and washers from the shipping bracket and discard the bracket.

  3. Secure the seat to the seat base with 4 bolts and washers removed previously (Figure 4).

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  4. Locate the open connector on the main wire harness to the right of the seat and connect it to the wire harness that came with the seat.

  5. Route the seat wiring harness around the seat slides, ensuring that it is not pinched when the seat moves, and connect it to the port on the bottom of the seat.

Installing the Steering Wheel

Parts needed for this procedure:

Steering wheel1
Locknut (1-1/2 inches)1
Washer1
Steering-wheel cap1
  1. Slide the steering wheel onto the steering shaft (Figure 5).

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  2. Slide the washer onto the steering shaft (Figure 5).

  3. Secure the steering wheel to the shaft with a locknut and tighten it to 27 to 35 N∙m (20 to 26 ft-lb) (Figure 5).

  4. Install the cap to the steering wheel and secure it with 6 bolts (Figure 5).

Charging the Battery

Charge the battery; refer to Charging the Battery.

Installing the Oil Cooler

Optional

Parts needed for this procedure:

Oil Cooler Kit—Greensmaster 3300 Series Traction Unit (Part No. 119-1691 [purchased separately])

If you are operating the machine in hot climates, where the ambient temperature is above 29°C (85°F), or using it for heavy-duty use (mowing other than greens, such as fairways or verticutting), install the optional hydraulic oil cooler kit (Part No. 119-1691).

Installing the Grass-Basket Hooks

Parts needed for this procedure:

Grass-basket hook6
Flange bolts12

Install the 6 grass-basket hooks onto the ends of the suspension-arm bars using the 12 flange bolts (Figure 6).

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Installing the Cutting Units

Parts needed for this procedure:

Gauge bar1
Cutting unit (obtain from your authorized Toro distributor)3
Grass basket3
  1. Prepare the cutting units for installation; refer to your cutting unit Operator’s Manual.

  2. Apply grease to the inside diameter of the drive coupler.

  3. Install the cutting units; refer to Installing the Cutting Units.

Adding Rear Weight

Parts needed for this procedure:

Weight Kit (Part No. 119-7129)—sold separately1
Three-Wheel-Drive Weight Kit (Part No. 120-5750—sold separately)1
  • This machine complies with ANSI B71.4-2017 and EN ISO 5395 when equipped with the Weight Kit (Part No. 119-7129).

  • If your machine is equipped with the Three-Wheel-Drive Kit, the machine complies with ANSI B71.4-2017 and EN ISO 5395 when the Three-Wheel-Drive Weight Kit (Part No. 120-5750) is installed.

Installing the CE Decals

Parts needed for this procedure:

Warning decal (Part No. 136-8505)1
CE mark decal (Part No. 93-7252)1
Production year decal1

If you use this machine in a country that complies to CE standards, perform the following steps after you install the guard kit to the machine:

  • Apply the CE warning decal (Part No. 136-8505) over the existing warning decal (Part No. 136-8506).

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  • Apply the CE mark decal (Part No. 93-7252) to the frame under the front of the seat (Figure 8).

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  • Install the production year decal near the serial plate (Figure 9).

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Reducing the Tire Pressure

The tires are overinflated at the factory for shipping purposes. Reduce the pressure to the proper levels before starting the machine; refer to Checking the Tire Pressure.

Burnishing the Brakes

Burnish the brakes; refer to Burnishing the Brakes.

Product Overview

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Traction Pedal

The traction pedal (Figure 11) has 3 functions: to make the machine move forward, to move it backward, and to stop the machine. Press the top of the pedal to move forward and the bottom of the pedal to move backward or to assist in stopping when moving forward. Also, allow the pedal to move to the neutral position to stop the machine. For your comfort, do not rest the heal of your foot on the reverse pad of the traction pedal when you are driving the machine forward. (Figure 12).

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Ground speeds are as follows:

  • 3.2 to 8 km/h (2 to 5 mph) forward mowing speed

  • 16 km/h (10 mph) maximum transport speed

  • 4.0 km/h (2.5 mph) reverse speed

Steering-Arm-Locking Pedal

Press the pedal (Figure 11) and raise or lower the steering arm for operator comfort, then, release the pedal to lock the arm in place.

Throttle Lever

Use the throttle lever (Figure 13) to control the speed of the engine. Move the throttle lever toward the FAST position to increases the engine speed; move it toward the SLOW position to decrease the engine speed.

Important: You cannot shut off the engine using the throttle lever.

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Choke Lever

To start a cold engine, close the carburetor choke by pushing the choke lever forward (Figure 13) to the CLOSED position. After the engine starts, regulate the choke lever to keep the engine running smoothly. As soon as possible, open the choke by pulling the lever rearward to the OPEN position. A warm engine requires little or no choking.

Raise/Lower Mow Control

Moving the control (Figure 13) forward during cutting operation lowers the cutting units and starts the reels. Pull back on the control to stop the reels and raise the cutting units. To stop the reels without raising the cutting units, pull back on the control momentarily and releasing it. Start the reels by moving the control forward.

Functional Control Lever

The functional control lever (Figure 13) provides 2 traction selections plus a NEUTRAL position. You can shift from mow to transport or transport to mow (not to neutral) while the machine is in motion; no damage will result.

  • REAR position—neutral position; use when backlapping the reels

  • MIDDLE position—use when cutting grass

  • FRONT position—use when driving the machine between job sites

Ignition Switch

Insert the key into the switch (Figure 13) and turn it clockwise to the START position to start the engine. Release the key as soon as the engine starts; the key moves to the ON position. Turn the key counterclockwise to the STOP position to shut off the engine.

Engine-Oil Pressure Light

The light (Figure 13) glows if the engine-oil pressure drops below a safe level.

Service-Indicator Light

The service-indicator light (Figure 13) illuminates when the machine sensors detect an issue with 1 of the systems of the machine. If this light illuminates, stop what you are doing and drive to a safe location where you or a service technician can diagnose the problem. For more information on diagnosing system issues using the service-indicator light, refer to Diagnosing the Service-Indicator Light.

Leak-Indicator Light

This light illuminates and an alarm sounds if the hydraulic fluid level drops in the hydraulic reservoir; refer to Operating the Leak Detector and Checking the Hydraulic-Fluid Level.

Hour Meter

The hour meter (Figure 14) indicates the total hours the machine has operated. It starts to function whenever you rotate the ignition switch to the ON position.

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Parking Brake Lever

Pull the brake lever (Figure 15) to engage the parking brake. Disengage it by squeezing the release lever on the underside of the brake lever and lowering it to the released position. Engage the parking brake whenever you leave the machine.

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Backlap Lever

The backlap lever is located under the plastic cover to the left of the seat. Use the backlap lever (Figure 16) in conjunction with the raise/lower mow control lever and the reel-speed control for backlapping the reels.

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Reel-Speed Control

The reel-speed control is located under the plastic cover to the left of the seat. Use the reel-speed control (Figure 17) to adjust the speed of the reels.

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Seat-Adjusting Lever

The seat-adjusting lever is located on the front, left corner of the seat (Figure 18), allowing you to adjust the seat forward and rearward.

Note: If you need additional adjustment on the seat, you can remove the 4 nuts securing the seat slide rails to the base and move the seat slide rails to the second set of mounting holes provided.

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Fuel-Shutoff Valve

Close the fuel-shutoff valve (Figure 19), behind the seat and under the fuel tank, when storing or transporting the machine on a truck or trailer.

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Note: Specifications and design are subject to change without notice.

Width of cut

151 cm (59.5 inches)

Overall width

179 cm (70.6 inches)

Overall height

205 cm (80.8 inches)

Overall length (with baskets)

249 cm (98.0 inches)

Minimum ground clearance (at the machine centerline)

11 cm (4.5 inches)

Wheel tread (to the center of the tire)

128 cm (50.5 inches)

Wheel tread (to the outside of the tire)

154 cm (60.5 inches)

Wheel base

119 cm (46.9 inches)

Net weight with 8-blade reels

633 kg (1,395 lb)

Net weight with 11-blade reels

664kg (1,463 lb)

Attachments/Accessories

A selection of Toro approved attachments and accessories is available for use with the machine to enhance and expand its capabilities. Contact your Authorized Service Dealer or authorized Toro distributor or go to www.Toro.com for a list of all approved attachments and accessories.

To ensure optimum performance and continued safety certification of the machine, use only genuine Toro replacement parts and accessories. Replacement parts and accessories made by other manufacturers could be dangerous, and such use could void the product warranty.

Operation

Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine from the normal operating position.

Before Operation

Before Operation Safety

General Safety

  • Never allow children or untrained people to operate or service the machine. Local regulations may restrict the age of the operator. The owner is responsible for training all operators and mechanics.

  • Become familiar with the safe operation of the equipment, operator controls, and safety signs.

  • Engage the parking brake, shut off the machine, remove the key, and wait for all movement to stop before you leave the operator’s position. Allow the machine to cool before adjusting, servicing, cleaning, or storing it.

  • Know how to stop the machine and shut off the machine quickly.

  • Check that operator-presence controls, safety switches, and safety protective devices are attached and functioning properly. Do not operate the machine unless they are functioning properly.

  • Before mowing, always inspect the machine to ensure that the cutting units are in good working condition.

  • Inspect the area where you will use the machine and remove all objects that the machine could throw.

Fuel Safety

  • Use extreme care in handling fuel. It is flammable and its vapors are explosive.

  • Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and other sources of ignition.

  • Use only an approved fuel container.

  • Do not remove the fuel cap or fill the fuel tank while the engine is running or hot.

  • Do not add or drain fuel in an enclosed space.

  • Do not store the machine or fuel container where there is an open flame, spark, or pilot light, such as on a water heater or other appliance.

  • If you spill fuel, do not attempt to start the engine; avoid creating any source of ignition until the fuel vapors have dissipated.

Fuel Specification

Fuel tank capacity: 26.6 L (7 US gallons)

Recommended Fuel: Unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 87 or higher ((R+M)/2 rating method)

Ethanol: Gasoline with up to 10% ethanol (gasohol) or 15% MTBE (methyl tertiary butyl ether) by volume is acceptable. Ethanol and MTBE are not the same. Gasoline with 15% ethanol (E15) by volume is not approved for use.

  • Never use gasoline that contains more than 10% ethanol by volume, such as E15 (contains 15% ethanol), E20 (contains 20% ethanol), or E85 (contains up to 85% ethanol).

  • Do not use fuel that contains methanol.

  • Do not store fuel either in the fuel tank or fuel containers over the winter, unless you use a fuel stabilizer.

  • Do not add oil to gasoline.

  • For best results, use only clean, fresh (less than 30 days old) fuel.

  • Using unapproved gasoline may cause performance problems and/or engine damage, which may not be covered under the warranty.

Important: Do not use fuel additives other than a fuel stabilizer/conditioner. Do not use fuel stabilizers with an alcohol base such as ethanol, methanol, or isopropanol.

Filling the Fuel Tank

  1. Clean around the fuel-tank cap and remove it (Figure 20).

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  2. Add the specified fuel to the fuel tank until the level is 25 mm (1 inch) below the bottom of the filler neck. This space in the tank allows the fuel to expand.

    Important: Do not fill the fuel tank completely full.

  3. Install the cap.

    Note: You will hear a click sound when the cap is secure.

  4. Wipe up any spilled fuel.

Performing Daily Maintenance

Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
Before each use or daily
  • Inspect the seat belt(s) for wear, cuts, and other damage. Replace the seat belt(s) if any component does not operate properly.
  • Before starting the machine each day, perform the following procedures:

    During Operation

    During Operation Safety

    General Safety

    • The owner/operator can prevent and is responsible for accidents that may cause personal injury or property damage.

    • Wear appropriate clothing, including eye protection; long pants; and substantial, slip-resistant footwear. Tie back long hair and do not wear loose clothing or loose jewelry.

    • Do not operate the machine while ill, tired, or under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

    • Use your full attention while operating the machine. Do not engage in any activity that causes distractions; otherwise, injury or property damage may occur.

    • Before you start the engine, ensure that all drives are in neutral, the parking brake is engaged, and you are in the operating position.

    • Do not carry passengers on the machine.

    • Keep bystanders and children out of the operating area. If co-workers must be present, use caution and ensure that the grass baskets are installed on the machine.

    • Operate the machine only in good visibility to avoid holes or hidden hazards.

    • Avoid mowing on wet grass. Reduced traction could cause the machine to slide.

    • Keep your hands and feet away from the cutting units.

    • Look behind and down before backing up to be sure of a clear path.

    • Use care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees, or other objects that may obscure your vision.

    • Stop the cutting units whenever you are not mowing.

    • Slow down and use caution when making turns and crossing roads and sidewalks with the machine. Always yield the right-of-way.

    • Operate the engine only in well-ventilated areas. Exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, which is lethal if inhaled.

    • Do not leave a running machine unattended.

    • Before you leave the operating position, do the following:

      • Park the machine on a level surface.

      • Lower the cutting units to the ground and ensure that they are disengaged.

      • Engage the parking brake.

      • Shut off the engine and remove the key.

      • Wait for all movement to stop.

    • Operate the machine only in good visibility and appropriate weather conditions. Do not operate the machine when there is the risk of lightning.

    Rollover Protection System (ROPS) Safety

    • Do not remove any of the ROPS components from the machine.

    • Ensure that the seat belt is attached and that you can release it quickly in an emergency.

    • Always wear your seat belt.

    • Check carefully for overhead obstructions and do not contact them.

    • Keep the ROPS in safe operating condition by thoroughly inspecting it periodically for damage and keeping all the mounting fasteners tight.

    • Replace all damaged ROPS components. Do not repair or alter them.

    Slope Safety

    • Slopes are a major factor related to loss of control and rollover accidents, which can result in severe injury or death. You are responsible for safe slope operation. Operating the machine on any slope requires extra caution.

    • Evaluate the site conditions to determine if the slope is safe for machine operation, including surveying the site. Always use common sense and good judgment when performing this survey.

    • Review the slope instructions, listed below, for operating the machine on slopes. Before you operate the machine, review the site conditions to determine whether you can operate the machine in the conditions on that day and at that site. Changes in the terrain can result in a change in slope operation for the machine.

    • Avoid starting, stopping, or turning the machine on slopes. Avoid making sudden changes in speed or direction. Make turns slowly and gradually.

    • Do not operate a machine under any conditions where traction, steering, or stability is in question.

    • Remove or mark obstructions such as ditches, holes, ruts, bumps, rocks, or other hidden hazards. Tall grass can hide obstructions. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine.

    • Be aware that operating the machine on wet grass, across slopes, or downhill may cause the machine to lose traction. Loss of traction to the drive wheels may result in sliding and a loss of braking and steering.

    • Use extreme caution when operating the machine near drop-offs, ditches, embankments, water hazards, or other hazards. The machine could suddenly roll over if a wheel goes over the edge or the edge caves in. Establish a safety area between the machine and any hazard.

    • Identify hazards at the base of the slope. If there are hazards, mow the slope with a pedestrian-controlled machine.

    • If possible, keep the cutting units lowered to the ground while operating on slopes. Raising the cutting units while operating on slopes can cause the machine to become unstable.

    • Use extreme caution with grass-collection systems or other attachments. These can change the stability of the machine and cause a loss of control.

    Breaking in the Machine

    Refer to the engine manual supplied with the machine for oil change and maintenance procedures recommended during the break-in period.

    Only 8 hours of operation is required for the break-in period.

    Since the first hours of operation are critical to future dependability of the machine, monitor its functions and performance closely so that minor difficulties, which could lead to major problems, are noted and can be corrected. Inspect the machine frequently during break-in for signs of oil leakage, loose fasteners, or any other malfunction.

    Starting the Engine

    Note: Inspect the areas beneath the cutting units to ensure that they are clear of debris.

    1. Sit on the seat, engage the parking brake, disengage the raise/lower mow control and move the functional-control lever to the NEUTRAL position.

    2. Ensure that the traction pedal is in the NEUTRAL position and that you foot is off the pedal.

    3. If you are starting a cold engine, move the choke to the ON position.

    4. Move the throttle lever to the HALF THROTTLE position.

    5. Insert and rotate the ignition key clockwise until the engine starts.

    6. After the engine starts, adjust the choke to run the engine smoothly. As soon as possible, open the choke by pulling it rearward to the OFF position. A warm engine requires little or no choking.

    Checking the Machine after Starting the Engine

    1. Move the throttle lever to the FAST position.

    2. Move the raise/lower mow control lever forward momentarily.

      The cutting units should lower and all the reels should rotate.

      Note: The function lever should be in the middle (mow) position for the reels run when lowering the cutting units

    3. Move the raise/lower mow control lever rearward.

      The cutting reels should stop rotating and the cutting units should raise to the full transport position.

    4. Engage the brake to keep the machine from moving, and operate the traction pedal through the forward and reverse positions.

    5. Continue the above procedure for 1 or 2 minutes. Move the functional-control lever to the NEUTRAL position, engage the parking brake, and shut off the engine.

    6. Check for fluid leaks and tighten the hydraulic fittings if any leaks are found.

      Note: When the machine is new and the bearings and reels are tight, it is necessary to use the FAST throttle-lever position for this check. A fast throttle setting may not be required after the break-in period.

      Note: If fluid leaks continue to appear, contact your authorized Toro distributor for assistance and, if necessary, replacement parts.

      Important: A trace of fluid on the motor or wheel seals is normal. Seals require a small amount of lubrication to perform properly.

    Shutting Off the Engine

    1. Move the throttle lever to the SLOW position, pull back the raise/lower mow control, and move the functional-control lever to the NEUTRAL position.

    2. Rotate the ignition key to the OFF position to shut off the engine. Remove the key from the switch to prevent accidental starting.

    3. Close the fuel shut-off valve before storing the machine.

    Checking the Safety-Interlock System

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Before each use or daily
  • Check the safety-interlock system
  • Caution

    If the safety interlock switches are disconnected or damaged the machine could operate unexpectedly, causing personal injury.

    • Do not tamper with the interlock switches.

    • Check the operation of the interlock switches daily and replace any damaged switches before operating the machine.

    The purpose of the safety-interlock system is to prevent operation of the machine where there is possible injury to you or damage to the machine.

    The safety-interlock system prevents the engine from starting unless:

    • The traction pedal is in the NEUTRAL position.

    • The functional-control lever is in the NEUTRAL position.

    The safety-interlock system prevents the machine from moving unless:

    • The parking brake is disengaged.

    • You are seated in the operator's seat.

    • The functional-control lever is in the MOW position or the TRANSPORT position.

    The safety-interlock system prevents the reels from operating unless the functional-control lever is in the MOW position.

    Checking the Traction Pedal

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Before each use or daily
  • Check the safety-interlock system.
  • Perform the following system checks daily to ensure that the interlock system is operating correctly:

    1. Sit on the seat, move the traction pedal to the NEUTRAL position, move the functional-control lever to the NEUTRAL position, and engage the parking brake.

    2. Try to move the traction pedal forward or backward.

      The pedal should not move, which indicates that the interlock system is operating correctly. Correct the problem if it is not operating properly.

    Checking the Function Control

    1. Sit on the seat, move the traction pedal to the NEUTRAL position, move the functional-control lever to the NEUTRAL position, and engage the parking brake.

    2. Move the functional-control lever to the MOW position or the TRANSPORT position and try to start the engine.

      The engine should not turnover or start, which indicates that the interlock system is operating correctly. Correct the problem if it is not operating properly.

    3. Sit on the seat, move the traction pedal to the NEUTRAL position, move the functional-control lever to the NEUTRAL position, and engage the parking brake.

    4. Start the engine and move the functional-control lever to the MOW position or the TRANSPORT position.

      The engine should shut off, which indicates that the interlock system is operating correctly.

      Correct the problem if it is not operating properly.

    Checking the Operator’s Presence Switch

    1. Sit on the seat, move the traction pedal to the NEUTRAL position, move the functional control lever to the NEUTRAL position, and engage the parking brake.

    2. Start the engine.

    3. Release the parking brake, move the functional control lever to the MOW position, and rise from the seat.

      The engine should shut off, which indicates that the interlock system is operating correctly. Correct the problem if it is not operating properly.

    Checking the Raise/Lower Mow Control

    1. Sit on the seat, move the traction pedal to the NEUTRAL position, move the functional control lever to the NEUTRAL position, and engage the parking brake.

    2. Start the engine.

    3. Move the raise/lower mow control forward to lower the cutting units. The cutting units should lower but not start rotating.

      If they start rotating, the interlock system is not operating correctly; correct the problem before operating the machine.

    Driving the Machine without Mowing

    • Ensure that the cutting units are fully raised.

    • Move the functional-control lever to the TRANSPORT position.

    • Use the brakes to slow the machine while going down steep hills to avoid loss of control.

    • Always approach rough areas at a reduced speed and cross severe undulations carefully.

    • Familiarize yourself with the width of the machine. Do not attempt to pass between objects that are close together to prevent costly damage and downtime.

    Mowing the Green

    Important: If the leak detector alarm (if equipped on your model) sounds or you notice an oil leak while cutting on a green, immediately raise the cutting units, drive directly off the green, and stop the machine in an area away from the green. Determine the cause of the leak and correct the problem.

    Before mowing greens, find a clear area and practice performing basic machine functions (e.g., starting and stopping the machine, raising and lowering the cutting units, and turning).

    Inspect the green for debris, remove the flag from the cup, and determine the best direction to mow. Base the direction to mow on the previous mowing direction. Always mow in an alternate pattern from the previous mowing so that the grass blades are less apt to lay down and therefore be difficult to trap between the reel blades and the bedknife.

    Cutting the Green

    1. Approach the green with the functional-control lever in the MOW position and the throttle at full speed.

    2. Start on 1 edge of the green so that you can use the ribbon procedure of cutting.

      Note: This holds compaction to a minimum and leaves a neat, attractive pattern on the greens.

    3. Push forward the raise/lower mow lever as the front edges of the grass baskets cross the outer edge of the green.

      Note: This procedure drops the cutting units to the turf and starts the reels.

      Important: The center cutting unit drops and raises slightly after the front cutting units do; therefore, you should practice gaining the required timing necessary to minimize the cleanup mowing operation.

      Note: The delay in raising and lowering the center cutting unit depends on hydraulic fluid temperature. Cold hydraulic fluid results in a longer delay. As the fluid temperature increases, the delay time becomes shorter.

    4. Overlap a minimal amount with the previous cut on return passes.

      Note: To assist in maintaining a straight line across the green and keeping the machine an equal distance from the edge of the previous cut, imagine a sight line approximately 1.8 to 3 m (6 to 10 ft) ahead of the machine to the edge of the uncut portion of the green (Figure 22). Include the outer edge of the steering wheel as part of the sight line; i.e., keep the steering wheel edge aligned with a point that is always kept the same distance away from the front of the machine.

    5. As the front edges of the baskets cross the edge of the green, pull back the raise/lower mow lever rearward and hold it until all the cutting units have risen. This stops the reels and lifts the cutting units.

      Important: Time this step correctly so that you do not cut into the fringe area, yet cut as much of the green as possible to minimize the amount of grass left to mow around the outer periphery.

    6. To cut down on operating time and to ease the lineup for the next pass, momentarily turn the machine in the opposite direction, then turn it in the direction of the uncut portion. This movement is a tear-shaped turn (Figure 21), which quickly lines the machine up for your next pass.

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      Note: Try to make as short of a turn as possible, except during warmer weather—a wider arc minimizes the turf bruising.

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      Note: The steering wheel does not return to its original position after you complete a turn.

      Important: Never stop the machine on a green while the cutting units are engaged, as damage to the turf may result. Stopping the machine on a wet green may leave marks or indentations from the wheels.

    Cutting the Periphery and Finishing the Job

    1. Finish cutting the green by mowing the outer periphery. Change the direction of cutting from the previous mowing.

      Note: Use the throttle lever to adjust the machine speed when you cut the periphery. This will match the clip to the green and may reduce triplex ring.

      Note: Always keep weather and turf conditions in mind and be sure to change the direction of mowing from the previous cutting.

    2. When finished mowing the outer periphery, tap the raise/lower mow lever rearward to stop the reels, then drive off the green. When all the cutting units are off the green, raise the cutting units.

      Note: This step minimizes grass clumps left on the green.

    3. Replace the flag.

    4. Empty the grass baskets of all clippings before you transport the machine to the next green.

      Note: Heavy wet clippings place an undue strain on the baskets and add unnecessary weight to the machine, which increases the load on the machine systems (e.g., engine, hydraulic system, and brakes).

    After Operation

    After Operation Safety

    General Safety

    • Shut off the engine, remove the key (if equipped), and wait for all movement to stop before you leave the operator’s position. Allow the machine to cool before adjusting, servicing, cleaning, or storing it.

    • Clean grass and debris from the cutting units, drives, mufflers, cooling screens, and engine to help prevent fires. Clean up oil or fuel spills.

    • Shut off the fuel while storing or transporting the machine.

    • Disengage the drive to the attachment whenever you are transporting or not using the machine.

    • Allow the engine to cool before storing the machine in any enclosure.

    • Maintain and clean the seat belt(s) as necessary.

    • Do not store the machine or fuel container where there is an open flame, spark, or pilot light, such as on a water heater or on other appliances.

    Towing Safety

    • Tow only with a machine that has a hitch designed for towing. Do not attach towed equipment except at the hitch point.

    • Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for weight limits for towed equipment and towing on slopes. On slopes, the weight of the towed equipment may cause loss of traction and loss of control.

    • Never allow children or others in or on towed equipment.

    • Travel slowly and allow extra distance to stop when towing.

    Inspecting and Cleaning after Mowing

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Before each use or daily
  • Inspect and cleanup after mowing.
  • After mowing, thoroughly wash the machine with a garden hose without a nozzle so that excessive water pressure does not contaminate and damage the seals and bearings. Do not wash a warm engine or the electrical connections with water.

    Important: Do not use brackish or reclaimed water to clean the machine.

    Important: Do not use power-washing equipment to wash the machine. Power-washing equipment may damage the electrical system, loosen important decals, or wash away necessary grease at friction points. Avoid excessive use of water near the control panel, engine, and battery.

    Important: Do not wash the machine with the engine running. Washing the machine with the engine running may result in internal engine damage.

    After cleaning the machine, do the following:

    • Inspect the machine for possible hydraulic fluid leaks, damage or wear to hydraulic and mechanical components.

    • Inspect the cutting units for sharpness.

    • Lubricate the brake-shaft assembly with SAE 30 oil or spray lubricant to deter corrosion and help keep the machine performing satisfactorily during the next mowing operation.

    Hauling the Machine

    • Use care when loading or unloading the machine into a trailer or a truck.

    • Use a full-width ramp for loading the machine into a trailer or a truck.

    • Tie the machine down securely using straps, chains, cable, or ropes. Both front and rear straps should be directed down and outward from the machine (Figure 23).

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    Towing the Machine

    In case of an emergency, you can tow the machine for up to 0.4 km (1/4 mile).

    Important: Do not tow the machine faster than 3 to 5 km/h (2 to 3 mph) to avoid damaging the drive system. If you must move the machine more than 0.4 km (1/4 mile), transport it on a truck or trailer.

    1. Locate the bypass valve on the pump and rotate it so that the slot is vertical (Figure 24).

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    2. Before starting the engine, close the bypass valve by rotating it so that the slot is horizontal (Figure 24).

      Important: Do not start the engine when the bypass valve is open.

    Maintenance

    Caution

    Failure to properly maintain the machine could result in premature failure of machine systems causing possible harm to you or bystanders.

    Keep the machine well maintained and in good working order as indicated in these instructions.

    Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine from the normal operating position.

    Note: Download a free copy of the electrical or hydraulic schematic by visiting www.Toro.com and searching for your machine from the Manuals link on the home page.

    Important: Refer to your engine owner's manual for additional maintenance procedures.

    Warning

    If you leave the key in the ignition switch, someone could accidently start the engine and seriously injure you or other bystanders.

    Remove the key from the ignition and disconnect the wires from the spark plugs before you do any maintenance. Set the wires aside so that they do not accidentally contact the spark plugs.

    Maintenance Safety

    • Before you leave the operator’s position, do the following:

      • Park the machine on a level surface.

      • Disengage the cutting unit(s).

      • Engage the parking brake.

      • Shut off the engine and remove the key.

      • Wait for all movement to stop.

    • Allow machine components to cool before performing maintenance.

    • If possible, do not perform maintenance while the engine is running. Keep away from moving parts.

    • Support the machine with jack stands whenever you work under the machine.

    • Carefully release pressure from components with stored energy.

    • Keep all parts of the machine in good working condition and all hardware tightened.

    • Replace all worn or damaged decals.

    • To ensure safe, optimal performance of the machine, use only genuine Toro replacement parts. Replacement parts made by other manufacturers could be dangerous, and such use could void the product warranty.

    Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s)

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    After the first hour
  • Torque the wheel nuts.
  • After the first 10 hours
  • Torque the wheel nuts.
  • After the first 50 hours
  • Check the engine speed (at idle and full throttle).
  • Before each use or daily
  • Inspect the seat belt(s) for wear, cuts, and other damage. Replace the seat belt(s) if any component does not operate properly.
  • Check the safety-interlock system
  • Check the safety-interlock system.
  • Inspect and cleanup after mowing.
  • Check the engine oil.
  • Check the tire pressure.
  • Check the hydraulic-fluid level.
  • Check the hydraulic lines and hoses.
  • Check the reel-to-bedknife contact.
  • Every 50 hours
  • Service the air-cleaner foam element (more frequently when operating conditions are dusty or dirty).
  • Check the battery cable connections.
  • Every 100 hours
  • Service the air-cleaner paper element (more frequently when operating conditions are dusty or dirty).
  • Change the engine oil and filter.
  • Every 200 hours
  • Torque the wheel nuts.
  • Every 400 hours
  • Grease the machine.
  • Every 500 hours
  • Replace the fuel filter (sooner if the fuel flow is restricted).
  • Every 800 hours
  • If you are not using the recommended hydraulic fluid or have ever filled the reservoir with an alternative fluid, replace the hydraulic filter.
  • If you are not using the recommended hydraulic fluid or have ever filled the reservoir with an alternative fluid, change the hydraulic fluid.
  • Check the engine speed (at idle and full throttle).
  • Check the valve clearance.
  • Every 1,000 hours
  • Replace the spark plugs.
  • If you are using the recommended hydraulic fluid, replace the hydraulic filter.
  • Every 2,000 hours
  • If you are using the recommended hydraulic fluid, change the hydraulic fluid.
  • Yearly
  • Burnish the brakes.
  • Every 2 years
  • Check the fuel lines and connections.
  • Replace moving hoses.
  • Engine Maintenance

    Engine Safety

    • Shut off the engine before checking the oil or adding oil to the crankcase.

    • Do not change the governor speed or overspeed the engine.

    Servicing the Air Cleaner

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 50 hours
  • Service the air-cleaner foam element (more frequently when operating conditions are dusty or dirty).
  • Every 100 hours
  • Service the air-cleaner paper element (more frequently when operating conditions are dusty or dirty).
    1. Clean the air-cleaner cover (Figure 25).

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    2. Release the locking clips and remove the air-cleaner cover.

    3. Remove the wing nut securing the elements to the air-cleaner body (Figure 26).

    4. If the foam element is dirty, remove it from the paper element (Figure 26). Clean it thoroughly, as follows:

      1. Wash the foam element in a solution of liquid soap and warm water. Squeeze it to remove dirt.

      2. Dry it by wrapping it in a clean rag. Squeeze the rag and foam element dry.

        Important: When drying the foam element, do not twist it; the foam may tear.

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    5. Check the condition of the paper element. Clean it by gently tapping it on a flat surface or replace it if needed.

    6. Install the foam element, paper element, wing nut, and air-cleaner cover.

      Important: Do not operate the engine without the air-cleaner element because extreme engine wear and damage will likely result.

    Servicing the Engine Oil

    The engine is shipped with oil in the crankcase; however, you must check the oil level before and after starting the engine the first time.

    Engine Oil Specification

    API Oil Service Classification: SJ or higher

    Oil Viscosity: SAE 30

    Note: Use any high-quality detergent oil.

    Checking the Engine Oil

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Before each use or daily
  • Check the engine oil.
    1. Park the machine on a level surface, shut off the engine and remove the key.

    2. Unscrew the dipstick, remove it, and wipe it with a clean rag.

    3. Insert the dipstick into the dipstick tube and thread it into the tube (Figure 27).

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    4. Unscrew the dipstick, pull it out of the tube, and check the oil level.

    5. If the oil level is low, remove the filler cap from the valve cover and add oil into the engine through the filler neck until the oil level is up to the FULL mark on the dipstick.

      Add the oil slowly and check the level often during this process.

      Important: Do not overfill the engine with oil.

    6. Install the filler cap and dipstick.

    Changing the Engine Oil and Filter

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 100 hours
  • Change the engine oil and filter.
  • Engine oil quantity: 1.65 L (1-3/4 US qt) with filter

    1. Remove the drain plug (Figure 28) and let the oil flow into a drain pan.

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    2. Clean the threads of the drain plug, apply PTFE sealant, and install the drain plug (Figure 28).

    3. Remove the oil filter (Figure 28).

    4. Apply a light coat of clean oil to the new filter gasket.

    5. Screw the filter on by hand until the gasket contacts the filter adapter, then tighten it 3/4 to 1 turn further. Do not overtighten it.

    6. Add oil to the crankcase; refer to Checking the Engine Oil and Engine Oil Specification.

    7. Dispose of the oil filter and used oil properly.

    Replacing the Spark Plugs

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 1,000 hours
  • Replace the spark plugs.
  • Spark plug specification: Champion RC 14YC

    Air gap specification: 0.76 mm (0.030 inch)

    1. Clean the area around the spark plugs so that foreign matter cannot fall into the cylinder.

    2. Pull the wires off the spark plugs and remove the plugs.

    3. Check the condition of the side electrode, center electrode, and center electrode insulator to ensure that there is no damage.

      Important: Replace a cracked, fouled, dirty, or otherwise malfunctioning spark plug. Do not sand blast, scrape, or clean electrodes by using a wire brush because grit may eventually release from the plug, fall into the cylinder, and damage the engine.

    4. Set the air gap between the center and side of the electrodes at 0.76 mm (0.030 inches) as shown in Figure 29.

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    5. Install the spark plug and gasket seal, and torque the plug to 23 N∙m (200 in-lb).

    Fuel System Maintenance

    Replacing the Fuel Filter

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 500 hours
  • Replace the fuel filter (sooner if the fuel flow is restricted).
  • The in-line fuel filter is in the fuel line between the fuel tank and carburetor (Figure 30).

    Danger

    In certain conditions, fuel is extremely flammable and highly explosive. A fire or explosion from fuel can burn you and others and can damage property.

    • Drain fuel from the fuel tank when the engine is cold. Do this outdoors in an open area. Wipe up any fuel that spills.

    • Never smoke when draining fuel, and stay away from an open flame or where a spark may ignite the fumes.

    1. Close the fuel-shutoff valve (Figure 30).

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    2. Place a drain pan under the filter, loosen the hose clamp on the carburetor side of filter, and remove the fuel line from the filter (Figure 30).

    3. Loosen the other hose clamp and remove the filter (Figure 30).

    4. Install the new filter with the arrow on the filter body pointing away from the fuel tank.

    Inspecting the Fuel Lines and Connections

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 2 years
  • Check the fuel lines and connections.
  • Inspect the fuel lines for deterioration, damage, or loose connections.

    Electrical System Maintenance

    Electrical System Safety

    • Disconnect the battery before repairing the machine. Disconnect the negative terminal first and the positive last. Connect the positive terminal first and the negative last.

    • Charge the battery in an open, well-ventilated area, away from sparks and flames. Unplug the charger before connecting or disconnecting the battery. Wear protective clothing and use insulated tools.

    Disconnecting the Battery

    Warning

    Battery terminals or metal tools could short against metal components, causing sparks. Sparks can cause the battery gasses to explode, resulting in personal injury.

    • When removing or installing the battery, do not allow the battery terminals to touch any metal parts of the machine.

    • Do not allow metal tools to short between the battery terminals and metal parts of the machine.

    Warning

    Incorrect battery cable routing could damage the machine and cables causing sparks. Sparks can cause the battery gasses to explode, resulting in personal injury.

    Always disconnect the negative (black) battery cable before disconnecting the positive (red) cable.

    1. Remove the negative battery cable from the battery post (Figure 31).

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    2. Lift the insulator and remove the positive battery cable from the battery post (Figure 31).

    Connecting the Battery

    Warning

    Incorrect battery cable routing could damage the machine and cables causing sparks. Sparks can cause the battery gasses to explode, resulting in personal injury.

    Always connect the positive (red) battery cable before connecting the negative (black) cable.

    1. Connect the positive cable to the battery and tighten the battery-clamp nut (Figure 32).

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    2. Connect the negative cable to the battery and tighten the battery-clamp nut (Figure 32).

    Charging the Battery

    Warning

    Battery terminals or metal tools could short against metal machine components, causing sparks. Sparks can cause the battery gasses to explode, resulting in personal injury.

    • When removing or installing the battery, do not allow the battery terminals to touch any metal parts of the machine.

    • Do not allow metal tools to short between the battery terminals and metal parts of the machine.

    1. Disconnect the battery; refer to Disconnecting the Battery.

    2. Remove the wing nuts and rods that secure the battery to the platform (Figure 33) and lift out the battery.

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    3. Connect a 2 to 4 A battery charger to the battery posts. Charge the battery for at least 2 hours at 4 A or for at least 4 hours at 2 A until the specific gravity is 1.250 or higher and the temperature is at least 16°C (60°F) with all cells gassing freely.

      Warning

      Charging the battery produces gasses that can explode.

      Never smoke near the battery and keep sparks and flames away from the battery.

      Important: If you do not charge the battery for at least the time specified in this step, you may reduce the life of the battery.

    4. When the battery is charged, disconnect the charger from the electrical outlet and battery posts.

    5. Place the battery on the battery tray and secure it with the previously removed rods and fasteners (Figure 33).

    6. Connect the battery; refer to Connecting the Battery.

    Locating the Fuses

    The fuses in the electrical system are located under the seat (Figure 34).

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    Drive System Maintenance

    Checking the Tire Pressure

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Before each use or daily
  • Check the tire pressure.
  • Vary the tire pressure for all 3 wheels, depending upon your turf conditions, from a minimum of 83 to a maximum of 110 kPa (12 psi to 16 psi).

    Checking the Torque of the Wheel Nuts

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    After the first hour
  • Torque the wheel nuts.
  • After the first 10 hours
  • Torque the wheel nuts.
  • Every 200 hours
  • Torque the wheel nuts.
  • Warning

    Failure to maintain proper torque of the wheel nuts could result in personal injury.

    Torque the wheel nuts to the specified torque at the specified intervals.

    Wheel nut torque specification: 95 to 122 N∙m (70 to 90 ft-lb)

    Note: To ensure even distribution, torque the wheel nuts in a X pattern.

    Adjusting the Transmission for Neutral

    If the machine creeps when the traction-control pedal is in the NEUTRAL position, adjust the neutral-return mechanism.

    1. Ensure that the bypass valve is closed.

    2. Lift the machine and support it at the frame so that 1 of the front wheels is off the floor.

      Note: If the machine is equipped with a 3-Wheel Drive Kit, also raise and block the rear wheel.

    3. Start the engine, move the throttle to the SLOW position, and ensure that the front wheel that is off the floor is not rotating.

    4. If the wheel is rotating, shut off the engine and proceed as follows:

      1. Loosen the nut securing the eccentric to the top of the hydrostat (Figure 35).

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      2. Move the functional-control lever to the NEUTRAL position and the throttle to the SLOW position. Start the engine.

      3. Rotate the eccentric until creep does not occur in either direction. When the wheel stops rotating, tighten the nut locking the eccentric and the adjustment (Figure 35). Verify the adjustment with the throttle in the SLOW and FAST position.

        Note: If the wheel still turns when the eccentric is at the maximum adjustment, contact your authorized Toro distributor or refer to the Service Manual for further adjustment.

    Adjusting the Transport Speed

    Obtaining the Maximum Transport Speed

    The traction pedal comes adjusted for maximum-transport speed, but you may need to adjust it if the pedal reaches full stroke before it contacts the pedal stop, or if you want to a decrease the transport speed.

    To obtain the maximum-transport speed, put the functional control lever in the TRANSPORT position and press down on the traction pedal. If the pedal contacts the stop (Figure 36) before you feel tension on the cable, perform the following adjustment procedure:

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    1. Put the functional-control lever in the TRANSPORT position and loosen the locknut securing the pedal stop to the floor plate (Figure 36).

    2. Tighten the pedal stop until it does not contact the traction pedal.

    3. Continue applying a light load on the transport pedal and adjust the pedal stop so it contacts the pedal rod and tighten the nuts.

      Important: Ensure that the tension on the cable is not excessive or you will reduce the cable life.

    Reducing the Transport Speed

    1. Press down on the traction pedal and loosen the locknut securing the pedal stop to the floor plate.

    2. Loosen the pedal stop until you obtain the desired transport speed.

    3. Tighten the locknut securing the pedal stop.

    Adjusting the Mowing Speed

    The mow speed is set to 3.8 mph at the factory.

    You can adjust the forward moving speed from 0 to 8 km/h (0 to 5 mph).

    1. Loosen the jam nut on the trunnion bolt (Figure 37).

    2. Loosen the nut securing the lock and mow brackets on the pedal pivot.

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    3. Rotate the trunnion bolt clockwise to reduce the mowing speed and counterclockwise to increase the mowing speed.

    4. Tighten the jam nut on the trunnion bolt and the nut on the pedal pivot to lock the adjustment (Figure 37). Check the adjustment and adjust as required.

    Brake Maintenance

    Burnishing the Brakes

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Yearly
  • Burnish the brakes.
  • Firmly apply the brakes and drive the machine at mowing speed until the brakes are hot, as indicated by their smell. You may need to adjust the brakes after the break-in period; refer to Adjusting the Brakes.

    Adjusting the Brakes

    If the brake fails to hold the machine while parked, you can adjust the brakes using the bulkhead fitting near the brake drum; contact your Authorized Service Dealer or refer to the Service Manual for more information.

    Note: Burnish the brakes annually; refer to Burnishing the Brakes.

    Hydraulic System Maintenance

    Hydraulic System Safety

    • Seek immediate medical attention if fluid is injected into skin. Injected fluid must be surgically removed within a few hours by a doctor.

    • Ensure that all hydraulic-fluid hoses and lines are in good condition and all hydraulic connections and fittings are tight before applying pressure to the hydraulic system.

    • Keep your body and hands away from pinhole leaks or nozzles that eject high-pressure hydraulic fluid.

    • Use cardboard or paper to find hydraulic leaks.

    • Safely relieve all pressure in the hydraulic system before performing any work on the hydraulic system.

    Servicing the Hydraulic Fluid

    If the fluid becomes contaminated, have your authorized Toro distributor flush the system. Contaminated fluid looks milky or black when compared to clean fluid.

    Hydraulic Fluid Specifications

    The reservoir is filled at the factory with high-quality hydraulic fluid. Check the level of the hydraulic fluid before you first start the engine and daily thereafter; refer to Checking the Hydraulic-Fluid Level.

    Recommended hydraulic fluid: Toro PX Extended Life Hydraulic Fluid; available in 19 L (5 US gallon) pails or 208 L (55 US gallon) drums.

    Note: A machine using the recommended replacement fluid requires less frequent fluid and filter changes.

    Alternative hydraulic fluids: If Toro PX Extended Life Hydraulic Fluid is not available, you may use another conventional, petroleum-based hydraulic fluid having specifications that fall within the listed range for all the following material properties and that it meets industry standards. Do not use synthetic fluid. Consult with your lubricant distributor to identify a satisfactory product.

    Note: Toro does not assume responsibility for damage caused by improper substitutions, so use products only from reputable manufacturers who will stand behind their recommendation.

    High Viscosity Index/Low Pour Point Anti-wear Hydraulic Fluid, ISO VG 46

    Material Properties: 
     Viscosity, ASTM D445cSt @ 40°C (104°F) 44 to 48
     Viscosity Index ASTM D2270140 or higher
     Pour Point, ASTM D97-37°C to -45°C (-34°F to -49°F)
     Industry Specifications:Eaton Vickers 694 (I-286-S, M-2950-S/35VQ25 or M-2952-S)

    Note: Many hydraulic fluids are almost colorless, making it difficult to spot leaks. A red dye additive for the hydraulic fluid is available in 20 ml (0.67 fl oz) bottles. A bottle is sufficient for 15 to 22 L (4 to 6 US gallons) of hydraulic fluid. Order Part No. 44-2500 from your authorized Toro distributor.

    Important: Toro Premium Synthetic Biodegradable Hydraulic Fluid is the only synthetic biodegradable fluid approved by Toro. This fluid is compatible with the elastomers used in Toro hydraulic systems and is suitable for a wide-range of temperature conditions. This fluid is compatible with conventional mineral oils, but for maximum biodegradability and performance, the hydraulic system should be thoroughly flushed of conventional fluid. The oil is available in 19 L (5 US gallons) pails or 208 L (55 US gallons) from your authorized Toro distributor.

    Checking the Hydraulic-Fluid Level

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Before each use or daily
  • Check the hydraulic-fluid level.
  • The hydraulic-fluid reservoir is filled at the factory with high quality hydraulic fluid. Before operating the machine each day, check the level of the hydraulic fluid. Your machine has a dipstick or a white plastic window on the front of the hydraulic-fluid reservoir (behind the seat on the left side) that is used to check the hydraulic-fluid level. The fluid should be between the window lines or the dipstick marks; if not, add the appropriate fluid.

    Important: To prevent system contamination, clean the top of the hydraulic fluid containers before puncturing them. Ensure that the pour spout and funnel are clean.

    1. Position the machine on a level surface.

      Note: Ensure that the machine has cooled down so the fluid is cold.

    2. Check the hydraulic-fluid level by locating the dipstick for the hydraulic system at the top of the leak detector tank (Figure 38).

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    3. Remove the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag, then screw the dipstick back into the tank.

    4. Remove the dipstick and check the fluid level.

      • If the fluid is between the marks on the dipstick, the level is sufficient.

      • If the fluid level is not between the marks, more fluid is needed.

    5. If you need to add more hydraulic fluid, remove the hydraulic-tank plug from the hydraulic tank and slowly add specified hydraulic fluid to the tank until the fluid level is between the 2 marks on the dipstick.

      Note: Do not mix different types of hydraulic fluid.

    6. Install the cap and dipstick.

      Note: Perform a close visual inspection of the hydraulic components. Inspect them for leaks, loose fasteners, missing parts, and improperly routed lines. Make any necessary repairs.

    Changing the Hydraulic Filter

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 800 hours
  • If you are not using the recommended hydraulic fluid or have ever filled the reservoir with an alternative fluid, replace the hydraulic filter.
  • Every 1,000 hours
  • If you are using the recommended hydraulic fluid, replace the hydraulic filter.
    1. Park the machine on a level surface, shut off the engine, engage the parking brake, and remove the key.

    2. Fill the replacement filter and lubricate the sealing gasket with the specified hydraulic fluid.

    3. At the right side of the machine, align a drain pan under the hydraulic filter (Figure 39).

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    4. Clean the area around the filter-mounting area of the filter head.

      Note: Have the replacement filter within reach before removing the old filter.

    5. Remove the old hydraulic filter from the filter head and quickly install the new hydraulic filter (Figure 39) by turning it on by hand until the gasket contacts the filter head, then tighten the filter 3/4 turn further.

    6. Wipe clean any part of the machine onto which hydraulic fluid ran.

    7. Check the hydraulic fluid level and add the specified hydraulic fluid as needed; refer to Checking the Hydraulic-Fluid Level.

    Note: Dispose of the filter and hydraulic fluid properly.

    Changing the Hydraulic Fluid

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 800 hours
  • If you are not using the recommended hydraulic fluid or have ever filled the reservoir with an alternative fluid, change the hydraulic fluid.
  • Every 2,000 hours
  • If you are using the recommended hydraulic fluid, change the hydraulic fluid.
  • Hydraulic-Fluid Capacity: 25.7 L (6.8 US gallons)

    1. Park the machine on a level surface, shut off the engine, engage the parking brake, and remove the key.

    2. At the right side of the machine, align a drain pan with a 26.5 L (7 US gallons) or larger capacity under the hydraulic filter.

    3. Clean the area around the filter-mounting area of the filter head.

    4. Remove the hydraulic filter from the filter head and allow the hydraulic fluid to drain completely.

    5. Install the new oil filter as instructed in steps 2 through 6 of Changing the Hydraulic Filter.

    6. Fill the hydraulic reservoir with the specified hydraulic fluid; refer to Hydraulic Fluid Specifications and Checking the Hydraulic-Fluid Level.

    7. Start the machine and run it at idle for 3 to 5 minutes to circulate the fluid and remove any air trapped in the system. Shut off the engine and check the fluid level.

    Checking the Hydraulic Lines and Hoses

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Before each use or daily
  • Check the hydraulic lines and hoses.
  • Warning

    Hydraulic fluid escaping under pressure can penetrate skin and cause injury.

    • Ensure that all hydraulic fluid hoses and lines are in good condition and all hydraulic connections and fittings are tight before applying pressure to the hydraulic system.

    • Keep your body and hands away from pinhole leaks or nozzles that eject high-pressure hydraulic fluid.

    • Use cardboard or paper to find hydraulic leaks.

    • Safely relieve all pressure in the hydraulic system before performing any work on the hydraulic system.

    • Get immediate medical help if fluid is injected into skin.

    Check the hydraulic lines and hoses daily for leaks, kinked lines, loose mounting supports, wear, loose fittings, weather deterioration, and chemical deterioration. Make all necessary repairs before operating.

    Checking the Leak Detector

    The leak detector system is designed to assist in early detection of hydraulic-fluid-system leaks. If the fluid level in the main hydraulic reservoir is lowered by 118 to 177 ml (4 to 6 oz), the float switch in the tank will close. After a 1 second delay, the alarm sounds, alerting the operator (Figure 42). Expansion of fluid, due to normal heating during machine operation, causes the fluid to transfer into the auxiliary fluid reservoir. The fluid returns to the main tank when you turn off the ignition switch.

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    Checking the System Operation

    1. With ignition switch in the ON position, move the leak detector switch rearward and hold. After the 1-second delay elapses, the alarm should sound.

    2. Release the leak-detector switch.

    Checking the Leak-Detector-System Operation

    1. Move the ignition switch to the ON position. Do not start the engine.

    2. Remove the hydraulic-tank cap from the neck of the tank.

    3. Insert a clean rod or screwdriver into the tank neck and gently push down on the float switch (Figure 43); the alarm should sound after the 1-second delay.

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    4. Release the float; the alarm should stop sounding.

    5. Install the hydraulic-tank cap.

    6. Move the ignition switch to the OFF position.

    Operating the Leak Detector

    The leak detector alarm may sound for 1 of the following reasons:

    • A leak of 118 to 177 ml (4 to 6 oz) has occurred.

    • The fluid level in the main reservoir is reduced by 118 to 177 ml (4 to 6 oz) due to contraction of the fluid by cooling.

    If the alarm sounds, turn off the machine as quickly as possible and inspect it for leaks. If the alarm sounds while operating on a green, drive off the green first. Determine the source of the leak and repair it before continuing operation.

    If you do not find a leak and suspect a false alarm, move the ignition switch to the OFF position and allow the machine to stand for 1 to 2 minutes to allow the fluid levels to stabilize. Then start the machine and operate it in a non-sensitive area to confirm that no leak exists.

    False alarms, due to fluid contraction, may be caused by extended idling of the machine after normal operation. A false alarm may also occur if you work the machine at a reduced workload after an extended period of a heavier workload. To avoid false alarms, turn the machine off rather than idling for extended periods.

    Cutting Unit Maintenance

    Blade Safety

    A worn or damaged blade or bedknife can break, and a piece could be thrown toward you or bystanders, resulting in serious personal injury or death.

    • Inspect the blades and bedknives periodically for excessive wear or damage.

    • Use care when checking the blades. Wear gloves and use caution when servicing them. Only replace or backlap the blades and bedknives; never straighten or weld them.

    • On machines with multiple cutting units, take care when rotating a cutting unit; it can cause the reels in the other cutting units to rotate.

    Installing and Removing the Cutting Units

    Caution

    The cutting-unit blades are sharp and can cut your hands.

    Wear heavy leather or cut-resistant gloves when handling the cutting units.

    Note: When sharpening, setting the height of cut, or performing other maintenance procedures on the cutting units, store the cutting unit reel motors in the storage location on the front of the suspension arms to prevent damage to them.

    Important: Do not raise the suspension to the transport position when the reel motors are in the holders in the machine frame. Damage to the motors or hoses could result.

    Important: Whenever you need to tip the cutting unit, prop up the rear of the cutting unit to ensure that the nuts on the bedbar adjusting screws are not resting on the work surface (Figure 44).

    g014596

    Installing the Cutting Units

    1. Lift up on the footrest and swing it open, allowing access to the center cutting unit position (Figure 45).

      Caution

      The footrest can pinch fingers if it falls into the closed position.

      Keep your fingers clear of the area where the footrest seats while it is open.

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    2. Position the cutting unit under the center suspension arm.

    3. With the latches on the suspension-arm bar pointing up (i.e., open) (Figure 46), push the suspension arm down so that the bar fits over the bar across the top of the cutting unit (Figure 47).

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    4. Close the latches down and around the cutting-unit bar and lock them in place (Figure 46).

      Note: You can hear a click and feel when the latches are properly locked in place.

    5. Coat the spline shaft of the cutting unit motor with clean grease (Figure 48).

    6. Insert the motor into the left side of the cutting unit (as viewed from the operator's position) and pull the motor retaining bar on the cutting unit toward the motor until you hear a click from both sides of the motor (Figure 48).

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    7. Mount a grass basket onto the basket hooks on the suspension arm.

    8. Repeat this procedure for the other cutting units.

    Removing the Cutting Units

    1. Park the machine on a clean level surface, lower the cutting units to the ground until the suspension hydraulics are fully extended, set the parking brake, shut off the engine, and remove the key.

    2. Push the motor retaining bar out of the slots on the motor toward the cutting unit and remove the motor from the cutting unit.

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    3. Move the motor to the storage location on the front of the suspension arm (Figure 50).

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      Note: When sharpening, setting the height of cut, or performing other maintenance procedures on the cutting units, store the cutting unit reel motors in the storage location on the front of the suspension arms to prevent damage to them.

      Important: Do not raise the suspension to the transport position when the reel motors are in the holders in the machine frame. Damage to the motors or hoses could result. If you must move the traction unit without the cutting units installed, secure them to the suspension arms using cable ties.

    4. Open the latches on the suspension-arm bar of the cutting unit you are removing (Figure 46).

    5. Disconnect the latches from the cutting-unit bar.

    6. Roll the cutting unit out from under the suspension arm.

    7. Repeat steps 2 through 6 for the other cutting units as required.

    Checking the Reel-to-Bedknife Contact

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Before each use or daily
  • Check the reel-to-bedknife contact.
  • Each day before operating the machine, check the reel-to-bedknife contact, regardless if the quality of cut had previously been acceptable. There must be light contact across the full length of the reel and bedknife; refer to the Cutting Unit Operator’s Manual.

    Backlapping the Reels

    Warning

    Contact with the reels or other moving parts can result in personal injury.

    • Keep your fingers, hands, and clothing away from the reels or other moving parts.

    • Never attempt to turn the reels by hand or foot while the engine is running.

    1. Park the machine on a level surface, lower the cutting units, shut off the engine, remove the key, and engage the parking brake.

    2. Remove the plastic cover to the left side of the seat.

    3. Make initial reel to bedknife adjustments appropriate for backlapping on all cutting units which are to be backlapped; refer to the Cutting Unit Operator’s Manual.

      Danger

      Changing the engine speed while backlapping may cause the reels to stall.

      • Never change the engine speed while backlapping.

      • Backlap only at idle engine speed.

    4. Start the engine and run at low idle speed.

    5. Rotate the backlap lever to the REVERSE (R) position (Figure 51).

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    6. Rotate the reel-speed control to setting 1 (Figure 52).

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    7. With the functional-control lever in the NEUTRAL position, move the raise/lower mow control forward to start the backlapping operation on the designated reels.

    8. Apply lapping compound with a long-handled brush. Never use a short-handled brush.

    9. If the reels stall or become erratic while backlapping, select a higher reel speed setting until the speed stabilizes, then return the reel speed to setting 1 or to your desired speed.

    10. To make an adjustment to the cutting units while backlapping, turn the reels off by moving the raise/lower mow control rearward and shut off the engine. After completing adjustments, repeat steps 4 through 8.

    11. Repeat the procedure for all cutting units you want to backlap.

    12. When finished, return the backlap levers to the FORWARD (F) position, replace the cover, and wash all lapping compound off of the cutting units. Adjust cutting unit reel to bedknife as needed. Move the cutting unit reel speed control to the desired mowing position.

      Important: If the backlap lever is not returned to the FORWARD (F) position after backlapping, the cutting units will not raise or function properly.

    Setting the Reel Speed

    To achieve a consistent, high-quality cut and a uniform after-cut appearance, you must correctly set the reel speed control (located on the manifold block under the cover to the left of the seat). Adjust the reel speed control as follows:

    1. Select the height of cut at which the cutting units are set.

    2. Choose the desired ground speed best suites conditions.

    3. Use the table that follows to determine the reel-speed setting for your 5-, 8-, 11-, or 14-blade cutting units; refer to Reel Speed Table.

    4. Adjust the reel speed by rotating the knob (Figure 52) until the indicator arrows are in line with the number you determined in step 3.

      Note: You can increase or decrease the reel speed to compensate for turf conditions.

    Reel Speed Table

    Reel Speed Table

    GraphicHeight of Cut

    Graphic5-blade cutting unit

    Graphic8-blade cutting unit

    Graphic11-blade cutting unit

    Graphic14-blade cutting unit

     

    Ground Speed

     

    6.1 km/h (3.8 mph)

    8.0 km/h (5.0 mph)

    6.1 km/h (3.8 mph)

    8.0 km/h (5.0 mph)

    6.1 km/h (3.8 mph)

    8.0 km/h (5.0 mph)

    6.1 km/h (3.8 mph)

     

    Reel speed setting

    1.6 mm (0.062 inch)

    *N/R

    *N/R

    9

    *N/R

    9

    *N/R

    9

    2.4 mm (0.094 inch)

    *N/R

    *N/R

    9

    *N/R

    9

    *N/R

    9

    3.2 mm (0.125 inch)

    *N/R

    *N/R

    9

    *N/R

    9

    *N/R

    *N/R

    4.0 mm (0.156 inch)

    *N/R

    *N/R

    9

    *N/R

    9

    *N/R

    *N/R

    4.8 mm (0.188 inch)

    *N/R

    *N/R

    9

    *N/R

    7

    *N/R

    *N/R

    5.5 mm (0.218 inch)

    *N/R

    *N/R

    9

    *N/R

    6

    *N/R

    *N/R

    6.4 mm (0.250 inch)

    7

    *N/R

    6

    7

    5

    7

    *N/R

    7.9 mm (0.312 inch)

    6

    *N/R

    5

    6

    4

    6

    *N/R

    9.5 mm (0.375 inch)

    6

    4

    4

    5

    4

    5

    *N/R

    11.1 mm (0.438 inch)

    6

    6

    4

    5

    3

    4

    *N/R

    12.7 mm (0.500 inch)

    5

    6

    3

    4

    *N/R

    *N/R

    *N/R

    15.9 mm (0.625 inch)

    4

    5

    3

    3

    *N/R

    *N/R

    *N/R

    19.0 mm (0.750 inch)

    3

    4

    3

    3

    *N/R

    *N/R

    *N/R

    22.2 mm 0.875( inch)

    3

    4

    *N/R

    3

    *N/R

    *N/R

    *N/R

    25.4 mm (1.000 inch)

    3

    3

    *N/R

    *N/R

    *N/R

    *N/R

    *N/R

    *N/R: Not Recommended

    Diagnostics System

    Diagnosing the Service-Indicator Light

    The service-indicator light illuminates in the event of a fault in the machine. When this light is on, you can access the computer codes to diagnose the problem by entering diagnostic mode. In diagnostic mode, the service-indicator light flashes a number of times, giving you the error code that you or your authorized Toro distributor can use to identify the problem.

    Note: You cannot start the engine in diagnostic mode.

    Entering Diagnostic Mode

    1. Stop the machine, engage the parking brake, and turn the ignition key to the OFF position.

    2. Move the functional-control lever to the TRANSPORT position.

    3. Ensure that the backlap lever is set to the FORWARD (F) position.

    4. Get off the seat.

    5. Hold the raise/lower mow control in the RAISED position.

    6. Turn the ignition switch to the RUN position.

    7. Count the codes as they begin to flash (you may release the raise/lower mow control once they begin flashing).

    When finished, turn the key to the OFF position to exit diagnostic mode.

    Determining the Error Code

    The system will display the last 3 faults that occurred in the last 40 hours. It displays the faults through a series of blinking lights, as follows:

    • If there are no faults, the light will blink steadily at a medium rate without pauses (1 Hz).

    • If there is a fault, it will first blink the tens place, followed by a pause, followed by the ones place. For the following examples, a # represents a blink. Examples:

      • If the code is 15, the blink pattern will be #_#####

      • If the code is 42, the blink pattern will be ####_##

      • If the code is 123, the blink pattern will be ############_###

    • If there are more than 1 fault, the tens place of the next fault will begin after a pause after the ones place of the first fault.

      Note: The system stores only the 3 most recent fault codes.

    For a list of error codes, refer to your authorized Toro distributor or the Service Manual.

    Storage

    If you wish to store the machine for a long period of time, the perform following steps:

    Storage Safety

    • Shut off the machine, remove the key, and wait for all movement to stop before you leave the operator’s position. Allow the machine to cool before adjusting, servicing, cleaning, or storing it.

    • Do not store the machine or fuel container where there is an open flame, spark, or pilot light, such as on a water heater or other appliance.

    Preparing the Machine for Storage

    1. Always shut off the engine, remove the key (if equipped), wait for all moving parts to stop, and allow the machine to cool before adjusting, cleaning, storing, or repairing the machine.

    2. Remove accumulations of dirt and old grass clippings. Sharpen the reels and bedknives, if necessary; refer to the cutting unit Operator's Manual. Coat the bedknives and reel blades with a rust preventive. Oil all lubrication points.

    3. Raise and support the machine to remove its weight from the tires.

    4. Replace the hydraulic fluid and filter. Inspect the hydraulic lines and fittings, and replace damaged or worn parts as needed. Refer toChanging the Hydraulic Filter, Changing the Hydraulic Fluid, and Checking the Hydraulic Lines and Hoses.

    5. All fuel should be removed from the fuel tank. Run the engine until it shuts off. Replace the fuel filter; refer to Replacing the Fuel Filter.

    6. While the engine is still warm, drain the oil from the crankcase. Refill it with fresh oil; refer to Changing the Engine Oil and Filter.

    7. Remove the spark plugs, pour 30 ml (1 fl oz) of SAE 30 oil into the cylinders, and crank slowly to distribute the oil. Replace the spark plugs; refer to Replacing the Spark Plugs.

    8. Clean dirt and chaff from the cylinder, cylinder head fins, and blower housing.

    9. Remove the battery and charge it fully; refer to Charging the Battery. Either store it on the shelf or on the machine. Leave the cables disconnected if it is stored on the machine. Store the battery in a cool atmosphere to avoid quick deterioration of the charge in the battery.

    10. If possible, store the machine in a warm, dry location.