Introduction

This utility vehicle is intended to be primarily used off-highway to transport people and material loads. Using this product for purposes other than its intended use could prove dangerous to you and bystanders.

Read this information carefully to learn how to operate and maintain your product properly and to avoid injury and product damage. You are responsible for operating the product properly and safely.

Visit www.Toro.com for product safety and operation training materials, accessory information, help finding a dealer, or to register your product.

Whenever you need service, genuine Toro parts, or additional information, contact an Authorized Service Distributor or Toro Customer Service and have the model and serial numbers of your product ready. Figure 1 identifies the location of the model and serial numbers on the product. Write the numbers in the space provided.

Important: With your mobile device, you can scan the QR code on the serial number decal (if equipped) to access warranty, parts, and other product information.

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This manual uses 2 words to highlight information. Important calls attention to special mechanical information and Note emphasizes general information worthy of special attention.

The safety-alert symbol (Figure 2) appears both in this manual and on the machine to identify important safety messages that you must follow to avoid accidents. This symbol will appear with the word Danger, Warning, or Caution.

  • Danger indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.

  • Warning indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.

  • Caution indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury.

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This product complies with all relevant European directives; for details, please see the separate product specific Declaration of Conformity (DOC) sheet.

It is a violation of California Public Resource Code Section 4442 or 4443 to use or operate the engine on any forest-covered, brush-covered, or grass-covered land unless the engine is equipped with a spark arrester, as defined in Section 4442, maintained in effective working order or the engine is constructed, equipped, and maintained for the prevention of fire.

The enclosed engine owner's manual is supplied for information regarding the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the California Emission Control Regulation of emission systems, maintenance, and warranty. Replacements may be ordered through the engine manufacturer.

Warning

CALIFORNIA

Proposition 65 Warning

The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.

Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.

Safety

This machine has been designed in accordance with the requirements of SAE J2258 (Nov 2016).

General Safety

This product is capable of causing personal injury. Always follow all safety instructions to avoid serious personal injury.

  • Read and understand the contents of this Operator’s Manual before you start the machine. Ensure that everyone using this product knows how to use it and understands the warnings.

  • Use your full attention while operating the machine. Do not engage in any activity that causes distractions; otherwise, injury or property damage may occur.

  • Do not put your hands or feet near moving components of the machine.

  • Do not operate the machine without all guards and other safety protective devices in place and working on the machine.

  • Keep bystanders and children out of the operating area. Never allow children to operate the machine.

  • Stop and shut off the machine and remove the key before servicing or fueling.

Improperly using or maintaining this machine can result in injury. To reduce the potential for injury, comply with these safety instructions and always pay attention to the safety-alert symbol Graphic, which means Caution, Warning, or Danger—personal safety instruction. Failure to comply with these instructions may result in personal injury or death.

Safety and Instructional Decals

Graphic

Safety decals and instructions are easily visible to the operator and are located near any area of potential danger. Replace any decal that is damaged or missing.

decal99-7345
decal115-2047
decal120-9570
decal131-8410
decal131-8414
decal131-8463
decal137-9984
decal138-3397
decal138-3524

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Setup

Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine from the normal operating position.

Installing the Steering Wheel (International Models Only)

Parts needed for this procedure:

Steering wheel1
Steering wheel cover1
Washer (1/2 inch)1
Dust cover1
  1. If the cover is installed, remove it from the hub of the steering wheel (Figure 3).

  2. Remove the locknut (1/2 inch) from the steering shaft (Figure 3).

  3. Slide the steering wheel, dust cover, and washer (1/2 inch) onto the steering shaft (Figure 3).

    Note: With the front wheels straight, orient the steering wheel so that the smaller spoke on the steering wheel is vertical.

  4. Secure the steering wheel to the shaft with the locknut (1/2 inch) and tighten it to 18 to 30 N∙m (13 to 22 ft-lb).

  5. Install the cover on the steering wheel (Figure 3).

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Checking the Fluid Levels and Tire Pressure

  1. Check the engine-oil level before and after you first start the engine; refer to Checking the Engine-Oil Level.

  2. Check the brake-fluid level before you first start the engine; refer to Checking the Brake-Fluid Level.

  3. Check the transaxle-fluid level before you first start the engine; refer to Checking the Transaxle-Fluid Level.

  4. Check the air pressure in the tires; refer to Checking the Tire Pressure.

Burnishing the Brakes

To ensure optimum performance of the brake system, burnish (break-in) the brakes before use.

  1. Bring the machine up to full speed, apply the brakes to rapidly stop the machine without locking up the tires.

  2. Repeat this procedure 10 times, waiting 1 minute between stops, to avoid overheating the brakes.

    Important: This procedure is most effective if the machine is loaded with 227 kg (500 lb).

Reading the Manual and Viewing the Setup Material

Parts needed for this procedure:

Operator's Manual1
Engine owner's manual1
Registration card1
Predelivery Inspection Form1
Certificate of Quality1
Key2
  • Read the Operator's Manual and the engine owner's manual.

  • Fill out the registration card.

  • Complete the Predelivery Inspection Form.

  • Review the Certificate of Quality.

Product Overview

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Become familiar with all the controls before you start the engine and operate the machine.

Control Panel

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Accelerator Pedal

Use the accelerator pedal (Figure 6) to vary the ground speed of the machine. Pressing down the accelerator pedal starts the engine. Pressing the pedal farther increases the ground speed. Releasing the pedal slows the machine, and the engine shuts off.

Note: The maximum forward speed is 26 km/h (16 mph).

Brake Pedal

Use the brake pedal to stop or slow the machine (Figure 6).

Caution

Operating a machine with worn or incorrectly adjusted brakes can may result in personal injury.

If the brake pedal travels to within 25 mm (1 inch) of the machine floor board, adjust or repair the brakes.

Key Switch

The key switch is located at the lower, right corner of the dash panel (Figure 6).

The key switch has 3 positions: OFF, ON, and START.

There are 2 modes of starting the machine; refer to Starting the Engine.

Parking-Brake Lever

The parking-brake lever is located on the control panel (Figure 6).

Whenever you shut off the engine, engage the parking brake to prevent the machine from accidentally moving. If the machine is parked on a steep grade, ensure that you engage the parking brake.

To engage the parking brake, pull the parking-brake lever toward you (Figure 7).

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To disengage the parking brake, push down the button on top of the parking-brake lever, pull the parking-brake lever toward you to release pressure, and then push the parking-brake lever forward (Figure 8).

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Choke Control

The choke control is located on the control panel. Use the choke to help start a cold engine by pulling the choke control outward (Figure 6). After the engine starts, adjust the choke to keep the engine running smoothly. As the engine warms up, push in the choke control to the OFF position.

Gear-Shift Lever and Gear-Shift Indicator

The gear-shift lever can be set to 3 positions on the gear-shift indicator: FORWARD, REVERSE, and NEUTRAL (Figure 9).

Note: The engine starts and runs in any of the 3 positions.

From the NEUTRAL position, you can move the gear-shift lever left to the FORWARD position or right to the REVERSE position (Figure 9).

Important: Always stop the machine before changing gears.

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Horn Button

The horn button is located on the control panel (Figure 6). Press the horn button to sound the horn.

Light Switch

The light switch is located to the left of the steering column (Figure 10). Use the light switch to illuminate the headlights. Push the light switch up to turn on the headlights. Push the light switch down to turn off the lights.

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Hour Meter

The hour meter is located to the right of the light switch (Figure 10). Use the hour meter to find out the total number of engine hours. The hour meter starts to function whenever you turn the key switch to the ON position, START position, or if the engine is running.

Note: When the machine is running, the hour meter blinks continuously, recording usage.

USB Power Point

The USB power point is located to the left of the parking-brake lever (Figure 6). Use the power point to power mobile devices.

Important: When you are not using the USB power point, insert the rubber plug to prevent damage to the power point.

Fuel Gauge

The fuel gauge (Figure 11) is located on the fuel tank in the filler cap, at the left side of the machine. The gauge displays the amount of fuel in the tank.

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Passenger Handholds

The passenger handholds are located on the outside of each seat (Figure 12).

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Note: Specifications and design are subject to change without notice.

Base weight397 kg (875 lb)
Rated capacity (on level ground)544 kg (1,200 lb) total, including 90.7 kg (200 lb) operator and 91 kg (200 lb) passenger, load, accessories, and attachments
Gross vehicle weight (GVW)—on level ground941 kg (2,075 lb) total, including all of the weights listed above
Maximum cargo capacity (on level ground)363 kg (800 lb) total, including rear-mounted accessories
Maximum rear cargo-bed-accessory mount capacity45 kg (100 lb) total
Tow capacityTongue weight: 91 kg (200 lb)
Gross trailer weight (GTW): 680 kg (1,500 lb)
Overall width119 cm (47 inches)
Overall length302 cm (119 inches)
Overall height127.5 cm (50-3/16 inches)
Ground clearance21.6 cm (8-1/2 inches) at the front with no load or operator
14 cm (5-1/2 inches) at the rear with no load or operator
Wheel base220 cm (86-5/8 inches)
Wheel tread (center line to center line)Front: 119 cm (47 inches)
Rear: 119 cm (47 inches)
Cargo bed lengthInside: 102 cm (40 inches)
Outside: 114.3 cm (45 inches)
Cargo bed widthInside: 98 cm (38-1/2 inches)
Outside of the molded fenders: 107.3 cm (42-1/4 inches)
Cargo bed height28 cm (11 inches) inside
Engine speedLow idle: 1,250 to 1,350 rpm
High idle: 3,650 to 3,750 rpm

Attachments/Accessories

A selection of Toro approved attachments and accessories is available for use with the machine to enhance and expand its capabilities. Contact your Authorized Service Dealer or authorized Toro distributor or go to www.Toro.com for a list of all approved attachments and accessories.

To ensure optimum performance and continued safety certification of the machine, use only genuine Toro replacement parts and accessories. Replacement parts and accessories made by other manufacturers could be dangerous, and such use could void the product warranty.

Operation

Note: The procedures in this section show a machine with a plastic cargo bed and bucket seat; for additional procedures for other attachments, refer to the Operation section (if applicable) in the Installation Instructions. Visit www.Toro.com for your instructions or scan the QR code (if applicable) on your attachment.

Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine from the normal operating position.

Before Operation

Before Operation Safety

General Safety

  • Never allow children or people who are not trained or physically capable to safely operate or service the machine. Local regulations may restrict the age of the operator. The owner is responsible for training all operators and mechanics.

  • Become familiar with the safe operation of the equipment, operator controls, and safety signs.

  • Shut off the machine, remove the key, and wait for all movement to stop before you leave the operator’s position. Allow the machine to cool before adjusting, servicing, cleaning, or storing it.

  • Know how to stop and shut off the machine quickly.

  • Ensure that there are not more occupants (you and your passenger(s)) than the number of handholds equipped on the machine.

  • Check that all safety devices and decals are in place. Repair or replace all safety devices and replace all illegible or missing decals. Do not operate the machine unless they are present and functioning properly.

Fuel Safety

  • Use extreme care in handling fuel. It is flammable and its vapors are explosive.

  • Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and other sources of ignition.

  • Use only an approved fuel container.

  • Do not remove the fuel cap or fill the fuel tank while the engine is running or hot.

  • Do not add or drain fuel in an enclosed space.

  • Do not store the machine or fuel container where there is an open flame, spark, or pilot light, such as on a water heater or other appliance.

  • If you spill fuel, do not attempt to start the engine; avoid creating any source of ignition until the fuel vapors have dissipated.

Performing Daily Maintenance

Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
Before each use or daily
  • Inspect the seat belt(s) for wear, cuts, and other damage. Replace the seat belt(s) if any component does not operate properly.
  • Before starting the machine each day, perform the Each Use/Daily procedures listed in .

    Checking the Tire Pressure

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Before each use or daily
  • Check the tire pressure.
  • Front and rear tires air pressure specification: 165 to 207 kPa (24 to 30 psi)

    Important: Do not exceed the maximum air pressure indicated on the sidewall of the tire.

    Note: The air pressure needed in the tires is determined by the payload that you intend to carry.

    1. Check the air pressure in the tires.

      • Use lower air pressure in the tires for lighter payloads, for less soil compaction, for a smoother ride, and to minimize tire marks on the ground.

      • Use higher air pressure in the tires for carrying heavier payloads at higher speeds.

    2. If necessary, adjust the air pressure in the tires by adding or removing air in the tires.

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    Adding Fuel

    Recommended Fuel

    TypeUnleaded gasoline
    Minimum octane rating87 (US) or 91 (research octane; outside the US)
    EthanolNo more than 10% by volume
    MethanolNone
    MTBE (methyl tertiary butyl ether)Less than 15% by volume
    OilDo not add to the fuel

    Use only clean, fresh (no more than 30 days old), fuel from a reputable source.

    Important: To reduce starting problems, add fuel stabilizer/conditioner to fresh fuel as directed by the fuel-stabilizer/conditioner manufacturer.

    Refer to your engine owner’s manual for additional information.

    Filling the Fuel Tank

    The fuel-tank capacity is approximately 18.9 L (5 US gallons).

    1. Park the machine on a level surface.

    2. Shift the transmission to the NEUTRAL position.

    3. Engage the parking brake.

    4. Shut off the machine and remove the key.

    5. Clean the area around the fuel-tank cap (Figure 14).

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    6. Remove the fuel-tank cap.

    7. Fill the tank to about 25 mm (1 inch) below the top of tank (bottom of the filler neck).

      Note: This space in the tank allows fuel to expand. Do not overfill the fuel tank.

    8. Install the fuel-tank cap securely.

    9. Wipe up any spilled fuel.

    Breaking in a New Machine

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    After the first 100 hours
  • Perform the guidelines for breaking in a new machine.
  • Perform the following guidelines to provide proper performance for the machine.

    • Ensure that the brakes are burnished; refer to Burnishing the Brakes.

    • Check the fluid and engine-oil levels regularly. Remain alert for signs that the machine or its components are overheating.

    • After starting a cold engine, let it warm up for about 15 seconds before using the machine.

      Note: Allow more time for the engine to warm up when operating in cold temperatures.

    • Vary the machine speed during operation. Avoid fast starts and quick stops.

    • A break-in oil for the engine is not required. Original engine oil is the same type specified for regular oil changes.

    • Refer to for any special, low-hour checks.

    • Check the front suspension positioning and adjust it, if necessary; refer to Adjusting the Front Wheel Alignment.

    During Operation

    During Operation Safety

    General Safety

    • The owner/operator can prevent and is responsible for accidents that may cause personal injury or property damage.

    • Passengers should sit in the designated seating positions only. Do not carry passengers in the cargo bed. Keep bystanders and children out of the operating area.

    • Wear appropriate clothing, including eye protection; long pants; substantial, slip-resistant footwear; and hearing protection. Tie back long hair and do not wear loose clothing or loose jewelry.

    • Use your full attention while operating the machine. Do not engage in any activity that causes distractions; otherwise, injury or property damage may occur.

    • Do not operate the machine while ill, tired, or under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

    • Operate the machine outdoors or in a well-ventilated area only.

    • Do not exceed the maximum gross vehicle weight (GVW) of the machine.

    • Use extra caution when operating, braking, or turning the machine with a heavy load in the cargo bed.

    • Carrying oversized loads in the cargo bed reduces the stability of the machine. Do not exceed the carrying capacity of the bed.

    • Carrying material that cannot be bound to the machine adversely affects the steering, braking, and stability of the machine. When you carry material that cannot be bound to the machine, use caution when steering or braking.

    • Carry a reduced load and reduce the ground speed of the machine when operating on rough, uneven terrain, and near curbs, holes, and other sudden changes in terrain. Loads may shift, causing the machine to become unstable.

    • Before you start the machine, ensure that the transmission is in neutral, the parking brake is engaged, and you are in the operating position.

    • You and your passengers should remain seated whenever the machine is moving. Keep your hands on the steering wheel; your passengers should use the handholds provided. Keep arms and legs within the machine body at all times.

    • Operate the machine only in good visibility. Watch for holes, ruts, bumps, rocks, or other hidden objects. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles. Use care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees, or other objects that may obscure your vision.

    • Do not drive the machine near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments. The machine could suddenly roll over if a wheel goes over the edge or if the edge gives way.

    • Always watch out for and avoid low overhangs such as tree limbs, door jambs, overhead walkways, etc.

    • Look behind and down before reversing the machine to be sure of a clear path.

    • When using the machine on public roads, follow all traffic regulations and use any additional accessories that may be required by law, such as lights, turn signals, slow-moving vehicle (SMV) signs, and others as required.

    • If the machine ever vibrates abnormally, stop and shut off the machine immediately, wait for all movement to stop, and inspect for damage. Repair all damage to the machine before resuming operation.

    • It can take longer to stop the machine on wet surfaces than on dry surfaces. To dry out wet brakes, drive slowly on a level surface while putting light pressure on the brake pedal.

    • Operating the machine at high speed and then quickly stopping may cause the rear wheels to lock up, which impairs your control of the machine.

    • Do not touch the engine, transmission, muffler, or muffler manifold while the engine is running, or soon after you shut off the engine, because these areas may be hot enough to cause burns.

    • Do not leave a running machine unattended.

    • Before you leave the operating position, do the following:

      • Park the machine on a level surface.

      • Shift the transmission to the NEUTRAL position.

      • Engage the parking brake.

      • Shut off the machine and remove the key.

      • Wait for all movement to stop.

    • Do not operate the machine when there is the risk of lightning.

    • Use accessories and attachments approved by The Toro® Company only.

    Multi-Passenger Safety

    • Do not exceed the gross vehicle weight (GVW) of the machine. You must account for yourself, your passengers, and the load in the cargo bed contributing to the overall GVW of the machine.

    • Passengers should sit in the designated seating positions only. Do not allow passengers to sit in the cargo bed.

    • You and your passengers should remain seated whenever the machine is in motion.

    • The additional machine length results in a larger turn radius, so allow more space to maneuver the machine.

    Slope Safety

    Note: A 2-post Rollover Protection System (ROPS) is available for this machine as an accessory. Use a ROPS if you will work next to drop-offs, near water, in rough terrain, or on a slope, which could result in a rollover. Contact an authorized Toro distributor for more information.

    Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and tip-over accidents, which can result in severe injury or death.

    • Survey the site to determine which slopes are safe for operating the machine and establish your own procedures and rules for operating on those slopes. Always use common sense and good judgment when performing this survey.

    • If you feel uneasy operating the machine on a slope, do not do it.

    • Keep all movement on slopes slow and gradual. Do not suddenly change the speed or direction of the machine.

    • Avoid operating the machine on wet terrain. Tires may lose traction. A rollover can occur before the tires lose traction.

    • Travel straight up and down a slope.

    • If you begin to lose momentum while climbing a slope, gradually engage the brakes and slowly reverse the machine straight down the slope.

    • Turning while going up or down a slope can be dangerous. If you must turn on a slope, do it slowly and cautiously.

    • Heavy loads affect stability on a slope. Carry a reduced load and reduce your ground speed when operating on a slope or if the load has a high center of gravity. Secure the load to the cargo bed of the machine to prevent the load from shifting. Take extra care when hauling loads that shift easily (e.g., liquids, rock, sand, etc.).

    • Avoid starting, stopping, or turning the machine on a slope, especially with a load. Stopping while going down a slope takes longer than stopping on level ground. If you must stop the machine, avoid sudden speed changes, which can cause the machine to tip or roll over. Do not engage the brakes suddenly when rolling rearward, as this may cause the machine to overturn.

    Loading and Dumping Safety

    • Do not exceed the gross vehicle weight (GVW) of the machine when operating it with a load in the cargo bed and/or towing a trailer; refer to Specifications.

    • Distribute the load in the cargo bed evenly to improve the stability and control of the machine.

    • Before dumping, ensure that there is no one behind the machine.

    • Do not dump a loaded cargo bed while the machine is sideways on a slope. The change in weight distribution may cause the machine to overturn.

    Operating the Cargo Bed

    Raising the Cargo Bed to the Dump Position

    Warning

    A raised bed could fall and injure persons that are working beneath it.

    • Always use the prop rod to hold the bed up before working under the bed.

    • Remove any load material from the bed before raising it.

    Warning

    Driving the machine with the cargo bed raised could cause the machine to tip or roll easier. You could damage the structure of the cargo bed if you operate the machine with the bed raised.

    • Operate the machine when the cargo bed is down.

    • After emptying the cargo bed, lower it.

    Caution

    If a load is concentrated near the back of the cargo bed when you release the latches, the bed may unexpectedly tip open, injuring you or bystanders.

    • Center loads in the cargo bed, if possible.

    • Hold the cargo bed down and ensure that no one is leaning over the bed or standing behind it when releasing the latches.

    • Remove all cargo from the bed before lifting the bed up to service the machine.

    1. Pull the lever on left, inside of the cargo bed toward you and lift the cargo bed up (Figure 15).

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    2. Pull the prop rod into the dump position detent slot to secure the bed for dumping (Figure 16).

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    Raising the Cargo Bed to the Service Position

    1. Pull the lever on left, inside of the cargo bed toward you and lift the cargo bed up (Figure 15).

    2. Pull prop rod into the service position detent slot to secure the bed for maintenance (Figure 16).

    Lowering the Cargo Bed

    Warning

    The weight of the bed may be heavy. Hands or other body parts could be crushed.

    Keep your hands and other body parts away when lowering the bed.

    1. Raise the cargo bed slightly by lifting up on the latch lever (Figure 15).

    2. Pull the prop rod out of the detent slot (Figure 16).

    3. Lower the bed until it latches securely.

    Opening the Tailgate

    1. Ensure that the cargo bed is down and latched.

    2. Using both hands, raise the tailgate using the ridge near the top of the tailgate (Figure 17).

    3. Lower the tailgate until it is flush with the bottom of the cargo bed (Figure 17).

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    Closing the Tailgate

    If you unloaded loose material such as sand, landscaping rock, or wood chips from the cargo bed of the machine, some of the material that you unloaded may have lodged in the hinge area of the tailgate. Perform the following steps before closing the tailgate.

    1. Use your hands to remove as much of the material from the hinge area as possible.

    2. Rotate the tailgate to approximately the 45° position (Figure 18).

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    3. Use a short, shaking motion to rotate the tailgate back and forth several times (Figure 18).

      Note: This action helps move material away from the hinge area.

    4. Lower the tailgate and check for material remaining in the hinge area.

    5. Repeat steps 1 through 4 until the material is removed from the hinge area.

    6. Rotate the tailgate up and lift the tailgate into the notches in the cargo bed.

    Using the Rear Cargo Bed Accessory Mount

    Use the rear cargo bed accessory mount to attach accessories to the rear of the machine.

    Capacity: 45 kg (100 lb)

    1. Loosen the “T” handle by rotating it clockwise (Figure 19).

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    2. Insert your accessory into the receiver until the holes align (Figure 19).

    3. Secure the assembled accessory to the receiver tube using the clevis pin and hairpin cotter supplied with the accessory.

    4. Tighten the “T” handle by rotating it counterclockwise (Figure 20).

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    Loading the Cargo Bed

    Use the following guidelines when loading the cargo bed and operating the machine:

    • Observe the weight capacity of the machine and limit the weight of the load that you carry in the cargo bed as described in Specifications and on the gross vehicle weight tag of the machine.

      Note: The load rating is specified for machine operation on a level surface only.

    • Reduce the weight of the load that you carry in the cargo bed when operating the machine on hills and rough terrain.

    • Reduce the weight of the load that you carry when the materials are tall (and have a high center of gravity), such as a stack of bricks, landscaping timbers, or fertilizer bags. Distribute the load as low as possible to ensure that the load does not reduce your ability to see behind the machine when operating it.

    • Keep loads centered by loading the cargo bed as follows:

      • Evenly position the weight in the cargo bed from side to side.

        Important: Tipping over is more likely to occur if the cargo bed is loaded to 1 side.

      • Evenly position the weight in the cargo bed from front to back.

        Important: Loss of steering control or the machine may tip over if you position the load behind the rear axle and the traction on the front tires is reduced.

    • Use extra caution when transporting oversized loads in the cargo bed, particularly when you cannot center the weight of the oversize load to the cargo bed.

    • Whenever possible, secure the load by binding it to the cargo bed so that it does not shift.

    • When transporting liquids, use caution when driving the machine uphill or downhill, when suddenly changing speed or stopping, or when driving over rough surfaces.

    The capacity of the cargo bed is 0.28 m3 (10 ft3). The amount (volume) of material that you can place in the bed without exceeding the load ratings of the machine can vary greatly depending on the density of the material.

    Refer to the following table for load volume limits with various materials:

    MaterialDensityMaximum Cargo Bed Capacity(on level ground)
    Gravel, dry1522 kg/m3 (95 lb/ft3)Full
    Gravel, wet1922 kg/m3 (120 lb/ft3)3/4 Full
    Sand, dry 1442 kg/m3 (90 lb/ft3)Full
    Sand, wet1922 kg/m3 (120 lb/ft3)3/4 Full
    Wood721 kg/m3 (45 lb/ft3)Full
    Bark<721 kg/m3 (<45 lb/ft3)Full
    Earth, packed1602 kg/m3 (100 lb/ft3)3/4 Full (approximately)

    Starting the Engine

    1. Sit in the operator seat, insert the key into the key switch, and rotate the key clockwise to the ON or START position.

      There are 2 modes of starting the machine:

      • Pedal Start—turn the key switch to the ON position and press down the accelerator pedal.

        Note: When you remove your foot from the accelerator pedal, the engine shuts off.

      • Key Start—turn the key switch to the START position and the engine remains on until the is turned to the OFF position.

      Note: When using key start mode, you can engage the parking brake and work away from the machine while the engine still runs and the battery holds a charge.

      Note: If you turn the key to the START position, the engine cranks until it starts. If the engine cranks for more than 10 seconds, return to the OFF position, and determine the issue (e.g., the choke controls needs to be engaged, check the air cleaner for restrictions, ensure that the fuel tank is full, the spark is bad, etc.) before starting the machine again.

      Note: When equipped with the optional backup alarm, if you move the gear-shift selector to the REVERSE position when the key switch is in the ON or START position, a buzzer sounds to warn the operator that the machine is in reverse gear.

    2. Move the gear-shift selector to the desired direction of travel for the machine.

    3. Disengage the parking brake.

    4. Slowly step on the accelerator pedal.

      Note: If the engine is cold, press and hold the accelerator pedal about half-way down, and pull the choke knob out to the ON position. Return the choke knob to the OFF position after the engine warms up.

    Stopping the Machine

    Important: When stopping the machine on an incline, use the service brakes to stop the machine and engage the parking brake to hold the machine in place. Using the accelerator to stall the machine on the hill can damage the machine.

    1. Remove your foot from the accelerator pedal.

    2. Slowly press the brake pedal to apply the service brakes until the machine comes to a complete stop.

      Note: The stopping distance may vary depending on the machine load and speed.

    Parking the Machine

    1. Stop the machine using the service brakes by pressing and holding the brake pedal.

    2. Engage the parking brake by pulling the parking-brake lever toward you.

    3. Rotate the key counterclockwise to the OFF position.

    4. Remove the key.

    After Operation

    After Operation Safety

    General Safety

    • Before you leave the operating position, do the following:

      • Park the machine on a level surface.

      • Shift the transmission to the NEUTRAL position.

      • Engage the parking brake.

      • Shut off the machine and remove the key.

      • Wait for all movement to stop.

    • Allow the machine to cool before adjusting, servicing, cleaning, or storing it.

    • Do not store the machine where there is an open flame, spark, or pilot light, such as on a water heater or other appliance.

    • Keep all parts of the machine in good working condition and all hardware tightened.

    • Maintain and clean the seat belt(s) as necessary.

    • Replace all worn, damaged, or missing decals.

    Hauling the Machine

    • Use care when loading or unloading the machine into a trailer or a truck.

    • Use full-width ramps for loading the machine into a trailer or a truck.

    • Tie the machine down securely.

    Refer to Figure 21 and Figure 22 for the tie-down locations on the machine.

    Note: Load the machine on the trailer with the front of the machine facing forward. If that is not possible, secure the machine hood to the frame with a strap, or remove the hood and transport and secure it separately or the hood may blow off during transport.

    Caution

    Loose seats may fall off the machine and trailer when transporting the machine, and the seats may land on another machine or obstruct the roadway.

    Remove the seats or ensure that the seats are secured by the pivot pins.

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    Towing the Machine

    In case of an emergency, you can tow the machine for a short distance; however, this should not be a standard operating procedure.

    Warning

    Towing at excessive speeds could cause a loss of steering control, resulting in personal injury.

    Never tow the machine at faster than 8 km/h (5 mph).

    Towing the machine is a 2-person job. If you must move the machine a considerable distance, transport it on a truck or trailer; refer to Towing a Trailer

    1. Remove the drive belt from the machine; refer to Replacing the Drive Belt.

    2. Affix a tow line to the tongue at the front of the machine frame (Figure 21).

    3. Move the transmission to the NEUTRAL position and disengage the parking brake.

    Towing a Trailer

    The machine is capable of pulling trailers. A tow hitch is available for the machine. Contact your authorized Toro distributor for details.

    When hauling cargo or towing a trailer, do not overload your machine or trailer. Overloading either the machine or the trailer can cause poor performance or damage to the brakes, axle, engine, transaxle, steering, suspension, body structure, or tires.

    Always load a trailer with 60% of the cargo weight in the front of the trailer. This places approximately 10% of the gross trailer weight (GTW) on the tow hitch of the machine.

    To provide adequate braking and traction, always load the cargo bed when using a trailer. Do not exceed the GTW or GVW limits.

    Avoid parking a machine with a trailer on a hill. If you must park on a hill, engage the parking brake, and chock the tires of the trailer.

    Maintenance

    Note: The procedures in this section show a machine with a plastic cargo bed and bucket seat; for additional procedures for other attachments, refer to the Maintenance section (if applicable) in the Installation Instructions. Visit www.Toro.com for your instructions or scan the QR code (if applicable) on your attachment.

    Maintenance Safety

    • Do not allow untrained personnel to service the machine.

    • Before you leave the operating position, do the following:

      • Park the machine on a level surface.

      • Shift the transmission to the NEUTRAL position.

      • Engage the parking brake.

      • Lower the cargo bed.

      • Shut off the machine and remove the key.

      • Wait for all movement to stop.

    • Allow the machine to cool before adjusting, servicing, cleaning, or storing it.

    • Support the machine with jack stands whenever you work under the machine.

    • Do not work under a raised bed without the proper bed safety support in place.

    • Do not charge the batteries while servicing the machine.

    • To ensure that the entire machine is in good condition, keep all hardware properly tightened.

    • To reduce the potential fire hazard, keep the machine area free of excessive grease, grass, leaves, and accumulation of dirt.

    • If possible, do not perform maintenance while the machine is running. Keep away from moving parts.

    • If you must run the machine to perform a maintenance adjustment, keep your hands, feet, clothing, and any parts of the body away from any moving parts. Keep bystanders away from the machine.

    • Clean up oil and fuel spills.

    • Check the parking brake operation as recommended in the maintenance schedule and adjust and service it as required.

    • Keep all parts of the machine in good working condition and all the hardware properly tightened. Replace all worn or damaged decals.

    • Never interfere with the intended function of a safety device or reduce the protection provided by a safety device.

    • Do not overspeed the engine by changing the governor settings. To ensure safety and accuracy, have an Authorized Service Dealer check the maximum engine speed with a tachometer.

    • If major repairs are ever necessary or assistance is required, contact an authorized Toro distributor.

    • Altering this machine in any manner may affect the operation of the machine, performance, durability, or its use may result in injury or death. Such use could void the product warranty of The Toro® Company.

    Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s)

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    After the first 5 hours
  • Change the engine oil.
  • After the first 8 hours
  • Check the condition of the drive belt.
  • Check the tension of the starter-generator belt.
  • After the first 50 hours
  • Check the air filter for the carbon canister.
  • After the first 100 hours
  • Perform the guidelines for breaking in a new machine.
  • Before each use or daily
  • Inspect the seat belt(s) for wear, cuts, and other damage. Replace the seat belt(s) if any component does not operate properly.
  • Check the tire pressure.
  • Check the engine-oil level.
  • Check gear-shift operation.
  • Check the brake-fluid level.Check the brake-fluid level before the motor is first used.
  • Wash the machine.
  • Every 50 hours
  • Remove the air-cleaner cover and clean out the debris. Do not remove the air-cleaner element.
  • Clean out the debris in the dust cap.
  • Under special operating conditions (refer to Maintaining the Machine under Special Operating Conditions)—replace the air-cleaner element.Replace the air-cleaner element sooner if dirty or damaged.
  • Under special operating conditions (refer to Maintaining the Machine under Special Operating Conditions)—change the engine oil.
  • Every 100 hours
  • Under normal operating conditions—replace the air-cleaner element.Replace the air-cleaner element sooner if dirty or damaged.
  • Under normal operating conditions—change the engine oil.
  • Check the spark plug. Replace the spark plug if necessary.
  • Check the condition of the tires and rims.
  • Torque the wheel-lug nuts.
  • Inspect the steering and suspension for loose or damaged components.
  • Check the front wheel camber and toe-in.
  • Check the transaxle-fluid level.
  • Check the operation of the neutral gear-shift position.
  • Clean the engine-cooling areas.Clean the cooling system twice as often during special operating conditions; refer to Maintaining the Machine under Special Operating Conditions.
  • Inspect the brakes.
  • Every 200 hours
  • Check the air filter for the carbon canister.
  • Check the condition and tension of the drive belt.
  • Check the tension of the starter-generator belt.
  • Every 300 hours
  • Grease the front wheel bearings.
  • Every 400 hours
  • Inspect the fuel lines and connections.
  • Replace the fuel filter.
  • Clean the primary drive clutch.
  • Replace the service and parking-brake pads.
  • Every 800 hours
  • Change the transaxle fluid.
  • Every 1,000 hours
  • Change the brake fluid.
  • Yearly
  • Complete all of the yearly maintenance procedures that are specified in the engine owner's manual.
  • Note: Download a free copy of the electrical schematic by visiting www.Toro.com and searching for your machine from the Manuals link on the home page.

    Important: Refer to your engine owner’s manual for additional maintenance procedures.

    Warning

    Failure to properly maintain the machine could result in premature failure of machine systems causing possible harm to you or bystanders.

    Keep the machine well maintained and in good working order as indicated in these instructions.

    Caution

    Only qualified and authorized personnel should maintain, repair, adjust, or inspect the machine.

    • Avoid fire hazards and have fire-protection equipment present in the work area. Do not use an open flame to check fluid levels or leakage of fuel, battery electrolyte, or coolant.

    • Do not use open pans of fuel or flammable cleaning fluids for cleaning parts.

    Caution

    If you leave the key in the switch, someone could accidently start the engine and seriously injure you or other bystanders.

    Shut off the engine and remove the key from the switch before you perform any maintenance.

    Maintaining the Machine under Special Operating Conditions

    Important: If the machine is subjected to any of the conditions listed below, perform maintenance twice as frequently:

    • Desert operation

    • Cold climate operation—below 10°C (50°F)

    • Trailer towing

    • Frequent operation in dusty conditions

    • Construction work

    • After extended operation in mud, sand, water, or similar dirty conditions, do the following:

      • Have your brakes inspected and cleaned as soon as possible. This prevents any abrasive material from causing excessive wear.

      • Wash the machine using water alone or with a mild detergent.

        Important: Do not use brackish or reclaimed water to clean the machine.

    Pre-Maintenance Procedures

    Preparing the Machine for Maintenance

    1. Park the machine on a level surface.

    2. Shift the transmission to the NEUTRAL position.

    3. Engage the parking brake.

    4. Shut off the engine and remove the key.

    5. Empty and raise the cargo bed.

    Lifting the Machine

    Danger

    The machine may be unstable when using a jack. The machine could slip off the jack, injuring anyone beneath it.

    • Do not start the machine while the machine is on a jack.

    • Always remove the key from the key switch before getting off the machine.

    • Block the tires when the machine is supported by lifting equipment.

    • Use jack stands to support the machine once you have lifted it.

    Important: Whenever you run the machine for routine maintenance and/or diagnostics, ensure that the rear wheels of the machine are 25 mm (1 inch) off the ground, with the rear axle supported on jack stands.

    • The lifting point at the front of the machine is located at the front of the frame, behind the towing tongue (Figure 23).

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    • The lifting point at the rear of the machine is located under the axle tubes (Figure 24).

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    Accessing the Hood

    Raising the Hood

    1. Lift up the handle of the rubber latches on each side of the hood (Figure 25).

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    2. Raise the hood.

    Closing the Hood

    1. Gently lower the hood.

    2. Secure the hood by aligning the rubber latches onto the latch anchors on each side of the hood (Figure 25).

    Raising and Lowering the Seat Assembly

    To raise the seat assembly, push the seat assembly forward until it rests on the steering wheel (Figure 26).

    To lower the seat assembly, push the seat assembly rearward until it seats back into the original position (Figure 26).

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    Removing a Bucket Seat

    1. Push the seat assembly forward to the raised position (Figure 26).

    2. Slide the seat assembly to the side out of the pins, and lift the seat assembly upward (Figure 27).

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    Installing a Bucket Seat

    Slide the seat assembly onto the pins and lower the seat assembly (Figure 28).

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    Removing a Bench Cushion

    1. Push the bench cushion forward to the raised position.

    2. Slide the cushion to the side, out of the pins, and lift the cushion upward (Figure 29).

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    Installing a Bench Cushion

    Slide the bench cushion onto the pins and lower the cushion (Figure 30).

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    Lubrication

    Greasing the Front Wheel Bearings

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 300 hours
  • Grease the front wheel bearings.
  • Grease specification: Mobilgrease XHP™-222

    Removing the Hub and Rotor

    1. Lift the front of the machine and support it with jack stands.

    2. Remove the 4 lug nuts that secure the wheel to the hub (Figure 31).

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    3. Remove the flange-head bolts (3/8 x 3/4 inch) that secure the bracket for the brake assembly to the spindle and separate the brake from the spindle (Figure 32).

      Note: Support the brake assembly before proceeding to the next step.

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    4. Remove the dust cap from the hub (Figure 33).

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    5. Remove the cotter pin and nut retainer from the spindle and spindle nut (Figure 33).

    6. Remove the spindle nut from the spindle, and separate the hub and rotor assembly from the spindle (Figure 33 and Figure 34).

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    7. Wipe clean the spindle with a rag.

    8. Repeat steps 1 through 7 to the hub and rotor at the other side of the machine.

    Greasing the Wheel Bearings

    1. Remove the outboard bearing and bearing race from the hub (Figure 35).

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    2. Remove the seal, inboard bearing from the hub (Figure 35).

    3. Wipe clean the seal and check for wear and damage.

      Note: Do not use cleaning solvent to clean the seal. Replace the seal if it is worn or damaged.

    4. Clean the bearings and races, and check these parts for wear and damage.

      Note: Replace all worn or damaged parts. Ensure that the bearings and races are clean and dry.

    5. Clean the cavity of the hub of all grease, dirt, and debris (Figure 35).

    6. Pack the bearings with the specified grease.

    7. Fill the cavity of hub 50 to 80% full of the specified grease (Figure 35).

    8. Assemble the inboard bearing onto the race at the inboard side of the hub and install the seal (Figure 35).

    9. Repeat steps 1 through 8 to the bearings for the other hub.

    Installing the Hub and Rotor

    1. Apply a light coat of the specified grease to the spindle (Figure 36).

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    2. Assemble the hub and rotor onto the spindle with the rotor inboard (Figure 36).

    3. Assemble the outboard bearing onto the spindle and seat the bearing to the outboard race (Figure 36).

    4. Assemble the tab washer onto the spindle (Figure 36).

    5. Thread the spindle nut onto the spindle and tighten the nut to 15 N∙m (11 ft-lb), while rotating the hub to seat the bearing (Figure 36).

    6. Loosen the spindle nut until the hub rotates freely.

    7. Torque the spindle nut to 170 to 225 N∙cm (15 to 20 in-lb).

    8. Install the retainer over the nut and check the alignment of the slot in the retainer and the hole in the spindle for the cotter pin (Figure 37).

      Note: If the slot in the retainer and the hole in the spindle are not aligned, tighten the spindle nut to align the slot and hole to a maximum torque of 226 N∙cm (20 in-lb) on the nut.

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    9. Install the cotter pin and bend each legs around the retainer (Figure 37).

    10. Install the dust cap onto the hub (Figure 37).

    11. Repeat steps 1 through 10 for the hub and rotor at the other side of the machine.

    Installing the Brakes and Wheels

    1. Clean the 2 flange-head bolts (3/8 x 3/4 inch) and apply a coat of anti-seize compound to the threads of the bolts.

    2. Align the brake pads to either side of the rotor (Figure 32) and the holes in the caliper bracket with the holes in the brake mount of the spindle frame (Figure 36).

    3. Assemble the caliper bracket to the spindle frame (Figure 32) with the 2 flange-head bolts (3/8 x 3/4 inch), and torque the bolts to 47 to 54 N∙m (35 to 40 ft-lb).

    4. Align the holes in the wheel to the studs of the hub and assemble the wheel to the hub with the valve stem outward (Figure 31).

      Note: Ensure that the mounting surface of the wheel is flush with the hub.

    5. Secure the wheel to the hub with the lug nuts (Figure 31), and torque the nuts to 108 to 122 N∙m (80 to 90 ft-lb).

    6. Repeat steps 1 through 5 for the brake and wheel at the other side of the machine.

    Engine Maintenance

    Engine Safety

    • Shut off the engine, remove the key, and wait for all moving parts to stop before checking the oil or adding oil to the crankcase.

    • Keep your hands, feet, face, clothing, and other body parts away from the muffler and other hot surfaces.

    Servicing the Air Cleaner

    Servicing the Air-Cleaner Cover

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 50 hours
  • Remove the air-cleaner cover and clean out the debris. Do not remove the air-cleaner element.
  • Clean out the debris in the dust cap.
  • Check the air-cleaner body for damage which could cause an air leak. Replace a damaged air-cleaner body.

    Clean the air-cleaner cover and remove the debris from the dust cap as shown in Figure 38.

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    Replacing the Air-Cleaner Element

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 50 hours
  • Under special operating conditions (refer to Maintaining the Machine under Special Operating Conditions)—replace the air-cleaner element.Replace the air-cleaner element sooner if dirty or damaged.
  • Every 100 hours
  • Under normal operating conditions—replace the air-cleaner element.Replace the air-cleaner element sooner if dirty or damaged.
  • Note: Service the air-cleaner element more frequently (every few hours) if operating conditions are extremely dusty or sandy.

    1. Gently slide the air-cleaner element out of the air-cleaner body (Figure 39).

      Note: Avoid knocking the air cleaner into the side of the body.

      Important: Do not attempt to clean the air-cleaner element.

    2. Inspect the new element for damage by looking into the element while shining a bright light on the outside of the element.

      Note: Holes in the element appear as bright spots. Inspect the element for tears, an oily film, or damage to the rubber seal. If the element is damaged, do not use it.

    3. Carefully slide the element into the air-cleaner body.

      Important: Do not press on the soft inside area of the element.

    4. Install the air-cleaner cover with the side indicated as UP facing upward and secure the latches (Figure 39).

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    Servicing the Engine Oil

    Engine-Oil Specifications

    Crankcase Capacity: 1.0 L (1.1 US qt)

    Oil Type: API service class SJ or higher detergent oil

    Viscosity: See the table below.

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    Checking the Engine-Oil Level

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Before each use or daily
  • Check the engine-oil level.
  • Note: The machine is shipped with oil in the crankcase; however, check the oil before and after you start the engine.

    Note: The best time to check the engine oil is when the engine is cool before it has been started for the day. If you have already run the engine, allow the oil to drain back down to the sump for at least 10 minutes before checking. If the oil level is low, add oil to bring the oil level to the Full mark. Do not overfill.

    Check the engine-oil level as shown in Figure 41.

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    Changing the Engine Oil

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    After the first 5 hours
  • Change the engine oil.
  • Every 50 hours
  • Under special operating conditions (refer to Maintaining the Machine under Special Operating Conditions)—change the engine oil.
  • Every 100 hours
  • Under normal operating conditions—change the engine oil.
  • Note: Change the oil more frequently when operating conditions are extremely dusty or sandy.

    Note: Dispose of the used engine oil and oil filter at a certified recycling center.

    1. Start the machine and let the engine run for a few minutes.

    2. Park the machine on a level surface.

    3. Engage the parking brake.

    4. Shut off the engine and remove the key.

    5. Raise the cargo bed and secure it with the prop rod; refer to Raising the Cargo Bed to the Service Position.

    6. Change the engine oil as shown in Figure 42.

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    Servicing the Spark Plug

    Checking and Replacing the Spark Plug

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 100 hours
  • Check the spark plug. Replace the spark plug if necessary.
  • Spark Plug Type: Champion RC12LC4

    Air Gap: 0.76 mm (0.03 inch)

    Important: You must replace a cracked, fouled, dirty, or malfunctioning spark plug. Do not sand-blast, scrape, or clean electrodes by using a wire brush because grit may eventually release from the plug and fall into the cylinder. The result is usually a damaged engine.

    Note: The spark plug usually lasts a long time; however, the plug should be removed and checked whenever the engine malfunctions.

    1. Clean the area around the spark plug so that foreign matter cannot fall into the cylinder when you remove the spark plug.

    2. Pull the wire off the terminal of the spark plug.

    3. Remove the plug from the cylinder head.

    4. Check the condition of the side electrode, center electrode, and center electrode insulator to ensure that there is no damage (Figure 43).

      Note: Do not use a damaged or worn spark plug. Replace it with a new spark plug of the specified type.

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    5. Set the air gap between the center and side of the electrodes at 0.76 mm (0.03 inch) as shown in Figure 43.

    6. Install the spark plug into the cylinder head, and torque the plug to 27 N∙m (20 ft-lb).

    7. Install the spark-plug wire.

    8. Repeat steps 1 through 7 for the other spark plug.

    Adjusting the High/Low Idle

    1. Lift the cargo bed and secure it with the prop rod.

    2. At the throttle cable housing, loosen the forward jam nut and tighten the rear jam nut to increase the low idle (Figure 44).

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    3. Test the high idle with a tachometer:

      1. Ensure that the shift lever is in the NEUTRAL position.

      2. Start the engine.

      3. Fully press the accelerator pedal and measure the engine speed with a tachometer; the engine speed should be between 3,650 to 3,750 rpm. If it is not, shut off the engine and adjust the cable jam nuts.

        Important: Do not lower the high idle. Test with a tachometer to ensure that the high idle is between 3,650 to 3,750 rpm.

    4. Lower and secure the cargo bed.

    Fuel System Maintenance

    Inspecting Fuel Lines and Connections

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 400 hours
  • Inspect the fuel lines and connections.
  • Inspect the fuel lines, fittings, and clamps for signs of leaking, deterioration, damage, or loose connections.

    Note: Repair any damaged or leaking fuel system component before using the machine.

    Replacing the Fuel Filter

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 400 hours
  • Replace the fuel filter.
    1. Park the machine on a level surface.

    2. Engage the parking brake.

    3. Shut off the engine and remove the key.

    4. Raise the bed and support it with the prop rod.

    5. Disconnect the battery; refer to Disconnecting the Battery.

    6. Place a clean container under the fuel filter and replace the fuel filter as shown in Figure 45.

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    7. Connect the battery and lower the cargo bed; refer to Connecting the Battery.

    Servicing the Carbon Canister

    Checking the Air Filter for the Carbon Canister

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    After the first 50 hours
  • Check the air filter for the carbon canister.
  • Every 200 hours
  • Check the air filter for the carbon canister.
  • Check the opening at the bottom of the air filter for the carbon canister to ensure that it is clean and free of debris and obstructions (Figure 46).

    Clean the air filter for the carbon canister with clean, compressed air.

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    Electrical System Maintenance

    Electrical System Safety

    • Disconnect the battery before repairing the machine. Disconnect the negative terminal first and the positive last. Connect the positive terminal first and the negative last.

    • Charge the battery in an open, well-ventilated area, away from sparks and flames. Unplug the charger before connecting or disconnecting the battery. Wear protective clothing and use insulated tools.

    Servicing the Battery

    Battery voltage: 12 V with 300 A (cold-cranking) at -18°C (0°F).

    • Always keep the battery clean and fully charged.

    • If the battery terminals are corroded, clean them with a solution of 4 parts water and 1 part baking soda.

    • Apply a light coating of grease to the battery terminals to prevent corrosion.

    Disconnecting the Battery

    Warning

    Incorrect battery cable routing could damage the machine and cables, causing sparks. Sparks can cause the battery gasses to explode, resulting in personal injury.

    • Always disconnect the negative (black) battery cable before disconnecting the positive (red) cable.

    • Always reconnect the positive (red) battery cable before reconnecting the negative (black) cable.

    • Always keep the battery strap in place to protect and secure the battery.

    Warning

    Battery terminals or metal tools could short against metal machine components, causing sparks. Sparks can cause the battery gasses to explode, resulting in personal injury.

    • When removing or installing the battery, do not allow the battery terminals to touch any metal parts of the machine.

    • Do not allow metal tools to short between the battery terminals and metal parts of the machine.

    Disconnect the battery as shown in Figure 47.

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    Removing the Battery

    1. Disconnect the battery cables; refer to Disconnecting the Battery.

    2. Remove the battery as shown in Figure 48.

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    Installing the Battery

    1. Install the battery as shown in Figure 49.

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    2. Connect the battery cables; refer to Connecting the Battery.

    Connecting the Battery

    Connect the battery as shown in Figure 50.

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    Charging the Battery

    Warning

    Charging the battery produces gasses that can explode.

    Never smoke near the battery and keep sparks and flames away from battery.

    Important: Always keep the battery fully charged. This is especially important to prevent battery damage when the temperature is below 0°C (32°F).

    1. Remove the battery from the machine; refer to Removing the Battery.

    2. Connect a 3 to 4 A battery charger to the battery posts. Charge the battery at a rate of 3 to 4 A for 4 to 8 hours (12 V).

      Note: Do not overcharge the battery.

    3. Install the battery; refer to Installing the Battery.

    Storing the Battery

    If you store the machine for more than 30 days, remove the battery and charge it fully. Either store it on the shelf or on the machine. Leave the cables disconnected if it is stored on the machine. Store the battery in a cool atmosphere to avoid quick deterioration of the charge in the battery. To prevent the battery from freezing, make sure it is fully charged.

    Replacing the Fuses

    There are 5 fuses in the electrical system; the other slots are open for options. They are located beneath the seat assembly (Figure 51).

    Horn30 A
    Main power15 A
    Headlights10 A
    USB power point/options10 A
    Fuel10 A
    Optional lift kit—open15 A
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    Maintaining the Headlights

    Replacing the Headlight

    Specification: See your Parts Catalog.

    1. Disconnect the battery; refer to Disconnecting the Battery.

    2. Open the hood.

    3. Disconnect the electrical connector for the harness from the connector of the lamp assembly (Figure 52).

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    4. Remove the speed clips that secure the headlight to the headlight bracket (Figure 52).

      Note: Retain all parts for installation of the new headlight.

    5. Remove the headlight assembly by moving it forward through the opening in the front bumper (Figure 52).

    6. Install the new headlight through the opening in the bumper (Figure 52).

      Note: Ensure the adjustment posts are lined up with the holes in the mounting bracket behind the bumper.

    7. Secure the headlight assembly with the speed clips that you removed in step 4.

    8. Connect the electrical connector for the harness to the connector of the lamp assembly (Figure 52).

    9. Adjust the headlights to direct the beams to the desired position, refer to Adjusting the Headlights.

    Adjusting the Headlights

    Use the following procedure to adjust the headlight beam position whenever a headlight assembly is replaced or removed.

    1. Park the machine on a level surface with the headlights approximately 7.6 m (25 ft) from a wall (Figure 53).

    2. Measure the distance from the floor to the center of the headlight and make a mark on the wall at the same height.

    3. Turn the key switch to the ON position, and turn on the headlights.

    4. Take note of where the headlights aim on the wall.

      The brightest part of the headlight beam should be 20 cm (8 inches) below the mark placed on the wall (Figure 53).

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    5. At the back of the headlight assembly, rotate adjustment screws (Figure 52) to pivot the headlight assembly and align the position of the cast beam.

    6. Connect the battery and close the hood; refer to Connecting the Battery.

    Drive System Maintenance

    Maintaining the Tires

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 100 hours
  • Check the condition of the tires and rims.
  • Torque the wheel-lug nuts.
    1. Inspect the tires and rims for signs of wear and damage.

      Note: Operating accidents, such as hitting curbs, can damage a tire or rim and also disrupt wheel alignment, so inspect tire condition after an accident.

    2. Torque the wheel lug nuts to 108 to 122 N∙m (80 to 90 ft-lb).

    Inspecting the Steering and Suspension Components

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 100 hours
  • Inspect the steering and suspension for loose or damaged components.
  • With the steering wheel at the centered position (Figure 54), turn the steering wheel to the left or right. If you turn the steering wheel more than 13 mm (1/2 inch) to the left or right, and the tires do not turn, check the following steering and suspension components to ensure that they are not loose or damaged:

    • Steering shaft to the steering-rack assembly joint

      Important: Inspect the condition and security of the pinion-shaft seal (Figure 55).

    • Steering-rack assembly tie rods

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    Adjusting the Front Wheel Alignment

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 100 hours
  • Check the front wheel camber and toe-in.
  • Preparing to Adjust Camber or Toe-in

    1. Check the tire pressure to ensure that the front tires are inflated to 82 kPa (12 psi).

    2. Either add weight to the driver's seat equal to the average operator who will run the machine, or have an operator sit on the seat. The weight or operator must remain on the seat for the duration of the adjustment procedure.

    3. On a level surface, roll the machine straight back 2 to 3 m (6 to 10 ft) and then straight forward to the original starting position. This allows the suspension to settle into the operating position.

    Adjusting the Camber

    Owner provided tools: spanner wrench, Toro Part 132-5069; refer to your authorized Toro distributor.

    Important: Make the camber adjustments only if you are using a front attachment or if there is uneven tire wear.

    1. Check the camber alignment at each wheel; the alignment should be as close to neutral (zero) as possible.

      Note: The tires should be aligned with the tread evenly on the ground to reduce uneven wear.

    2. If the wheel camber is out of alignment, use the spanner wrench to rotate the collar on the shock absorber to align the wheel (Figure 56).

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    Adjusting the Front Wheel Toe-in

    Important: Before adjusting toe-in, ensure that the camber adjustment is as close to neutral as possible; refer to Adjusting the Camber.

    1. Measure the distance between both of the front tires at the axle height at both the front and rear of the front tires (Figure 57).

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    2. If the measurement does not fall within 0 to 6 mm (0 to 1/4 inch), loosen the jam nuts at the outer end of the tie rods (Figure 58).

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    3. Rotate both tie rods to move the front of the tire inward or outward.

    4. Tighten the tie rod jam nuts when the adjustment is correct.

    5. Ensure that there is full travel of the steering wheel in both directions.

    Checking the Transaxle-Fluid Level

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 100 hours
  • Check the transaxle-fluid level.
  • Fluid Type: SAE 80W-90 (API MT-1) or SAE 80W-90 (API GL-5)

    1. Park the machine on a level surface.

    2. Engage the parking brake.

    3. Shut off the engine and remove the key.

    4. Remove the fill plug on the transaxle (Figure 59).

      Note: The fluid level should be even with the bottom of the fill plug.

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    5. If the fluid level is low, remove the fill plug and add the specified fluid until it runs out of the hole (Figure 59).

    6. Replace the fill plug and torque it to 20 to 27 N∙m (15 to 20 ft-lb).

    Changing the Transaxle Fluid

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 800 hours
  • Change the transaxle fluid.
  • Fluid Type: SAE 80W-90 (API MT-1) or SAE 80W-90 (API GL-5)

    Fluid Capacity: 1.6 L (1.7 US qt)

    1. Align a drain pan under the drain plug (Figure 59).

    2. Remove the fill plug and the seal (Figure 59).

      Note: Retain the fill plug and seal for installation in step 6.

    3. Remove the drain plug and the seal, and allow the fluid to drain completely (Figure 59).

      Note: Retain the drain plug and seal for installation in step 4.

    4. Install the drain plug and seal, and torque it to 20 to 27 N∙m (15 to 20 ft-lb).

    5. Fill the transaxle with the specified fluid until it runs out of the fill hole.

    6. Install the fill plug and seal, and torque it to 20 to 27 N∙m (15 to 20 ft-lb).

    Checking the Neutral Gear-Shift Position

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Before each use or daily
  • Check gear-shift operation.
  • Every 100 hours
  • Check the operation of the neutral gear-shift position.
  • When performing routine maintenance and/or engine diagnostics, shift the transaxle into NEUTRAL. The machine has a NEUTRAL position on the gear-shift selector, which controls the neutral in the transaxle. Perform the following steps to ensure that the neutral shift lever operates the transaxle neutral correctly:

    1. Set the gear-shift selector to the NEUTRAL position.

    2. Rotate the secondary clutch (Figure 66) to see if it spins freely in the NEUTRAL position.

    3. Set the gear-shift selector to the FORWARD position.

    4. Rotate the secondary clutch (Figure 66) to see if it rotates the rear wheels.

    5. Set the gear-shift selector to the REVERSE position.

    6. Rotate the secondary clutch (Figure 66) to see if it rotates the rear wheels.

    7. If any of these tests fail, proceed to Adjusting the Neutral Gear-Shift Position.

    Adjusting the Neutral Gear-Shift Position

    1. Loosen the jam nuts on the gear-shift cable and adjust them as necessary (Figure 60).

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    2. Test the gear-shift position by rotating the gear-shift selector to the 3 different positions and check to see if the shift lever (Figure 60) shifts properly when shifting the gears; refer to Gear-Shift Lever and Gear-Shift Indicator.

    3. Verify that all of the positions are working correctly by repeating the steps in Checking the Neutral Gear-Shift Position.

    Maintaining the Primary Drive Clutch

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 400 hours
  • Clean the primary drive clutch.
  • Caution

    The dust in the clutch will become airborne and could damage your eyes or you could inhale it, causing breathing difficulties.

    Wear safety goggles and a dust mask or other eye and respiratory protection when performing this procedure.

    1. Raise and latch the cargo bed.

    2. Remove the 3 bolts securing the cover to the clutch, and remove the cover (Figure 61).

      Note: Retain the cover and bolts for installation.

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    3. Thoroughly clean the inside of the cover and the inner components of the clutch using compressed air.

    4. Install the clutch cover and secure it with the 3 bolts (Figure 61) that you removed in 2.

    5. Lower the cargo bed.

    Reducing the Top Speed

    Caution

    The dust in the clutch will become airborne and could damage your eyes or you could inhale it, causing breathing difficulties.

    Wear safety goggles and a dust mask or other eye and respiratory protection when performing this procedure.

    1. Raise and latch the cargo bed; refer to Raising the Cargo Bed to the Service Position.

    2. Remove the bolts securing the primary clutch cover as shown in Figure 62.

      Important: Use caution when removing the clutch cover; the spring is under compression.

      Important: Take note of the X orientation on the clutch covers and clutch assemblies for later installation.

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    3. Remove the spring.

    4. Add or remove spacers to adjust the top speed. Use the following table to determine the amount of spacers needed.

      SpacersTop Speed
      2 (standard)16 mph (standard)
      312 mph
      49 mph
      56 mph
      64 mph

      Important: Do not operate the machine without at least 2 clutch spacers in place.

    5. Install the spring and clutch cover.

      Important: Ensure that the X is placed back in the original location.

    6. Torque the bolts to 179 to 228 N∙m (132 to 168 in-lb).

    Cooling System Maintenance

    Cooling System Safety

    • Swallowing engine coolant can cause poisoning; keep out of reach from children and pets.

    • Discharge of hot, pressurized coolant or touching a hot radiator and surrounding parts can cause severe burns.

      • Always allow the engine to cool at least 15 minutes before removing the radiator cap.

      • Use a rag when opening the radiator cap, and open the cap slowly to allow steam to escape.

    • Do not operate the machine without the covers in place.

    • Keep your fingers, hands and clothing clear of rotating fan and drive belt.

    • Shut off the engine and remove the key before performing maintenance.

    Cleaning the Engine-Cooling Areas

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 100 hours
  • Clean the engine-cooling areas.Clean the cooling system twice as often during special operating conditions; refer to Maintaining the Machine under Special Operating Conditions.
  • Important: Operating the engine with a blocked rotating screen, dirty or plugged cooling fins, or cooling shrouds removed causes engine damage due to overheating.

    Important: Never clean the engine with a pressure washer because water could contaminate the fuel system.

    Clean the inlet, cooling fins, and external surfaces of the engine.

    Note: Clean the engine cooling components more often under extremely dusty and dirty conditions.

    Brake Maintenance

    Checking the Parking Brake

    1. Engage the parking brake by pulling the parking-brake lever toward you, until you feel tension.

    2. If you do not feel tension when pulling the parking-brake toward you within 11.4 to 16.5 cm (4-1/2 to 6-1/2 inches) from the “P” symbol on the dash, then you need to adjust the parking brake; refer to Adjusting the Parking Brake.

    Adjusting the Parking Brake

    1. Ensure that the parking brake is disengaged.

    2. Using jack stands, lift the rear of the machine; refer to Lifting the Machine.

    3. Using 2 wrenches, hold the adjusting post on the caliper in place with 1 wrench, and loosen the jam nut 1/4 turn with the other wrench (Figure 63).

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    4. While holding the adjusting post and the jam nut in place, turn the adjusting post in to tighten (Figure 63).

      Note: Perform this step until you feel drag on the wheel.

    5. While holding the adjusting post and the jam nut in place, back off 1/4 turn (Figure 63).

    6. While holding the adjusting post and the jam nut in place, tighten the jam nut (Figure 63).

    7. Perform steps 1 through 6 to the other side.

    8. Verify that the parking brake is adjusted to the proper tension; refer to Checking the Parking Brake.

      Note: If you cannot adjust the parking brake to the required tension, the brake pads may be worn and need to be replace. Contact your authorized Toro distributor for assistance.

    Checking the Brake-Fluid Level

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Before each use or daily
  • Check the brake-fluid level.Check the brake-fluid level before the motor is first used.
  • Brake Fluid Type: DOT 3

    1. Park the machine on a level surface.

    2. Engage the parking brake.

    3. Shut off the engine and remove the key.

    4. Raise the hood to gain access to the master-brake cylinder and reservoir (Figure 64).

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    5. Look at the outline of the fluid level at the side of the reservoir (Figure 65).

      Note: The level should be above the Minimum line.

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    6. If the fluid level is low, perform the following:

      1. Clean the area around the reservoir cap and remove the cap (Figure 64).

      2. Add DOT 3 brake fluid to the reservoir until the fluid level is above the Minimum line (Figure 65).

        Note: Do not overfill the reservoir with brake fluid.

      3. Install the reservoir cap (Figure 64).

    7. Close the hood of the machine.

    Inspecting the Brakes

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 100 hours
  • Inspect the brakes.
  • Important: Brakes are a critical safety component of the machine. Closely inspect them at the recommended service interval to ensure optimum performance and safety.

    • Inspect the brake lining for wear or damage. If the lining (brake pad) thickness is less than 1.6 mm (1/16 inch), replace the brake lining.

    • Inspect the backing plate and other components for signs of excessive wear or deformation. Replace any deformed components.

    • Check the brake-fluid level; refer to Checking the Brake-Fluid Level.

    Replacing the Service and Parking-Brake Pads

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 400 hours
  • Replace the service and parking-brake pads.
  • Contact your authorized Toro distributor to inspect and possibly replace the service and parking-brake pads.

    Changing the Brake Fluid

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Every 1,000 hours
  • Change the brake fluid.
  • Contact your authorized Toro distributor.

    Belt Maintenance

    Servicing the Drive Belt

    Checking the Drive Belt

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    After the first 8 hours
  • Check the condition of the drive belt.
  • Every 200 hours
  • Check the condition and tension of the drive belt.
    1. Park the machine on a level surface.

    2. Engage the parking brake.

    3. Shut off the engine and remove the key.

    4. Raise the cargo bed and secure it with the prop rod; refer to Raising the Cargo Bed to the Dump Position.

    5. Shift the transmission into NEUTRAL.

    6. Rotate and inspect the belt (Figure 66) for signs of excessive wear or damage.

      Note: Replace the belt if it is excessively worn or damaged; refer to Replacing the Drive Belt.

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    7. Lower the cargo bed.

    Replacing the Drive Belt

    1. Raise the cargo bed; refer to Raising the Cargo Bed to the Dump Position.

    2. Shift the transmission into the NEUTRAL position, engage the parking brake, rotate the key switch to the OFF position, and remove the key.

    3. Rotate and route the belt over the secondary clutch (Figure 66).

    4. Remove the belt from the primary clutch (Figure 66).

      Note: Discard the old belt.

    5. Align the new belt over the primary clutch (Figure 66).

    6. Rotate and route the belt over the secondary clutch (Figure 66).

    7. Lower the cargo bed.

    Adjusting the Starter-Generator Belt

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    After the first 8 hours
  • Check the tension of the starter-generator belt.
  • Every 200 hours
  • Check the tension of the starter-generator belt.
    1. Raise the cargo bed; refer to Raising the Cargo Bed to the Dump Position.

    2. Loosen the pivot nut for the starter generator (Figure 66).

    3. Align a pry bar between the engine mount and starter.

    4. Apply downward pressure to the pry bar to rotate the starter down in the slot until the belt tension only allows 6 mm (1/4 inch) belt deflection with 44 N∙m (10 ft-lb) of force (Figure 66).

    5. Tighten the pivot nut hand tight, and remove the pry bar (Figure 66).

    6. Torque the pivot nut to 88 to 115 N∙m (65 to 85 ft-lb).

    7. Lower the cargo bed.

    Chassis Maintenance

    Adjusting the Cargo-Bed Latches

    If the cargo-bed latch is out of adjustment, the cargo bed vibrates up and down as you drive the machine. You can adjust the latch posts to make the latches hold the cargo bed snugly to the chassis.

    1. Verify that the cargo bed is latching.

      Note: If the cargo bed does not latch, the bed-latch striker is likely too low. If the cargo bed latches, but vibrates up and down as you drive, the bed-latch striker is likely too high.

    2. Raise the cargo bed; Raising the Cargo Bed to the Dump Position.

    3. Loosen the 2 bolts on the bed-latch striker and move the striker up or down, depending on if the striker is too high or too low (Figure 67).

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    4. Tighten the 2 bolts on the bed-latch striker (Figure 67).

    5. Verify that the adjustment is correct by latching the cargo bed several times.

    Cleaning

    Washing the Machine

    Maintenance Service IntervalMaintenance Procedure
    Before each use or daily
  • Wash the machine.
  • Wash the machine as needed using water alone or with a mild detergent. You may use a rag when washing the machine.

    Important: Do not use brackish or reclaimed water to clean the machine.

    Important: Do not use power-washing equipment to wash the machine. Power-washing equipment may damage the electrical system, loosen important decals, or wash away necessary grease at friction points. Avoid excessive use of water near the control panel, engine, and battery.

    Important: Do not wash the machine with the engine running. Washing the machine with the engine running may result in internal engine damage.

    Storage

    Storage Safety

    • Shut off the machine, remove the key, and wait for all movement to stop before you leave the operator’s position. Allow the machine to cool before adjusting, servicing, cleaning, or storing it.

    • Do not store the machine or fuel container where there is an open flame, spark, or pilot light, such as on a water heater or other appliance.

    Storing the Machine

    1. Park the machine on a level surface.

    2. Engage the parking brake.

    3. Shut off the engine and remove the key.

    4. Clean the dirt and grime from the entire machine, including the outside of the cylinder-head fins of the engine and blower housing.

      Important: You can wash the machine with mild detergent and water. Do not use power-washing equipment to wash the machine. Pressure washing the machine may damage the electrical system or wash away necessary grease at friction points. Avoid excessive use of water near the control panel, lights, engine, and the battery.

    5. Inspect the brakes; refer to Inspecting the Brakes.

    6. Service the air cleaner; refer to Servicing the Air Cleaner.

    7. Change the engine oil; refer to Servicing the Engine Oil.

    8. Check the tire pressure; refer to Checking the Tire Pressure.

    9. For storage over 30 days, prepare the fuel system as follows:

      1. Add a fuel stabilizer/conditioner to fresh fuel in the tank. Do not use an alcohol-based fuel stabilizer (ethanol or methanol).

        Important: Do not store fuel containing stabilizer/conditioner longer than the duration recommended by the fuel-stabilizer manufacturer.

      2. Run the engine to distribute conditioned fuel through the fuel system for 5 minutes.

      3. Shut off the engine, allow the engine to cool, and drain the fuel tank.

        Note: Dispose of fuel properly. Recycle as according to local codes.

      4. Start the engine again and run it until it stops.

      5. Choke the engine.

      6. Start and run the engine until it does not start again.

    10. Remove the spark plug and check their condition; refer to Servicing the Spark Plug.

    11. With the spark plugs removed from the engine, pour 15 ml (2 tablespoons) of engine oil into the spark-plug hole.

    12. Use the electric starter to crank the engine and distribute the oil inside the cylinder.

    13. Install the spark plug(s) and tighten it to recommended torque; refer to Servicing the Spark Plug.

      Note: Do not install the wire on the spark plug(s).

    14. Remove the battery from the chassis, and charge it fully; refer to Removing the Battery.

      Note: Do not connect the battery cables to the battery posts during storage.

      Important: The battery must be fully charged to prevent it from freezing and being damaged at temperatures below 0°C (32°F). A fully charged battery maintains its charge for about 50 days at temperatures lower than 4°C (40°F).

    15. Check and tighten all fasteners. Repair or replace any part that is damaged.

    16. Paint all scratched or bare metal surfaces with paint available from your authorized Toro distributor.

    17. Store the machine in a clean, dry garage or storage area.

    18. Remove the key from the key switch and put it in a safe place out of the reach of children.

    19. Cover the machine to protect it and keep it clean.